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Evidence has begun to accumulate which suggests that lack of awareness of illness in schizophrenia is related to and possibly the result of a cognitive deficit involving prefrontal cerebral dysfunction. This study further explores this relationship along with other domains of self-awareness in chronic schizophrenics and other subjects with serious mental(More)
This research attempts to explore empirically the relationship between lack of awareness of illness and neuropsychological performance in a group of chronic schizophrenic subjects. Thirty one chronic schizophrenics were administered the recently developed Scale to Assess Unawareness of Mental Disorder (SUMD) and 3 neuropsychological tests that have(More)
Problem drinkers (99 males, 41 females) wishing to quit or cut down without professional help received a 60-minute session during which they were assessed and given at random one of these materials: Guidelines, a two-page pamphlet outlining specific methods for achieving abstinence or moderate drinking; Manual, a 30-page booklet describing the methods in(More)
AIMS To explore the unique contribution to outcome drinking of clients' use of six strategies for moderating drinking, after statistically accounting for variance explained by some client and intervention variables. DESIGN An exploratory hierarchical regression analysis assessed the contributions to variance in drinking outcome of pre-intervention (client(More)
A self-help book was offered to persons wanting to quit or cut down on their alcohol use. Study participants (99 men, 56 women) were recruited through advertisements, screened by telephone, and randomly assigned to 1 of 2 conditions. Book by mail or Assessment + Book (30-min telephone motivational interview plus book by mail). At 3-month follow-up,(More)
All doctors have their own styles of interaction with patients and unique methods of practice. Yet how do these methods vary based on the types of cases and patient population the physician sees regularly? How does the familiar American patient-doctor interaction differ from that of a poor clinic in rural Peru? How do cultural and educational differences(More)
UNLABELLED The procedures and findings of a previous study were replicated. Sixty-one men and 35 women were randomized to one of three treatments: Manual: three sessions of instructions in use of a manual describing a step-by-step method for attaining abstinence or moderate drinking. GUIDELINES three sessions of advice using a pamphlet summarizing the(More)
OBJECTIVES The study was conducted to refine guidelines on moderate drinking for problem drinkers, persons whose alcohol use is hazardous or harmful. Information on levels of alcohol intake unlikely to cause problems is useful for health professionals, educators, and policymakers. METHODS Based on their reports of alcohol-related problems, participants in(More)
The prevalence of asthma and respiratory symptoms in south-central Durban, one of the most heavily polluted areas of South Africa, has been determined using a cross-sectional survey of 213 households in the communities of Merewent (97% Indians) and Austerville (98% coloreds). The study population consisted of 367 children (less than 17 years old) and 693(More)
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