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A xylose reductase (XR) gene was identified from the Neurospora crassa whole-genome sequence, expressed heterologously in Escherichia coli, and purified as a His6-tagged fusion in high yield. This enzyme is one of the most active XRs thus far characterized and may be used for the in vitro production of xylitol.
NAD(P)H-dependent oxidoreductases are valuable tools for synthesis of chiral compounds. The expense of the cofactors, however, requires in situ cofactor regeneration for preparative applications. We have attempted to develop an enzymatic system based on phosphite dehydrogenase (PTDH) from Pseudomonas stutzeri to regenerate the reduced nicotinamide cofactors(More)
NAD(P)H regeneration is important for biocatalytic reactions that require these costly cofactors. A mutant phosphite dehydrogenase (PTDH-E175A/A176R) that utilizes both NAD and NADP efficiently is a very promising system for NAD(P)H regeneration. In this work, both the kinetic mechanism and practical application of PTDH-E175A/A176R were investigated for(More)
Homology modeling was used to identify two particular residues, Glu175 and Ala176, in Pseudomonas stutzeri phosphite dehydrogenase (PTDH) as the principal determinants of nicotinamide cofactor (NAD(+) and NADP(+)) specificity. Replacement of these two residues by site-directed mutagenesis with Ala175 and Arg176 both separately and in combination resulted in(More)
Cofactor regeneration is an important solution to the problem of implementing complex cofactor requiring enzymatic reactions at the industrial scale. NAD(P)H-dependent oxidoreductases are highly valuable biocatalysts, but the high cost of the nicotinamide cofactors necessitates in situ cofactor regeneration for preparative applications. Here we report the(More)
The in situ regeneration of reduced nicotinamide cofactors (NAD(P)H) is necessary for practical synthesis of many important chemicals. Here, we report the engineering of a highly stable and active mutant phosphite dehydrogenase (12x-A176R PTDH) from Pseudomonas stutzeri and evaluation of its potential as an effective NADPH regeneration system in an enzyme(More)
Fosfomycin is a clinically utilized, highly effective antibiotic, which is active against methicillin- and vancomycin-resistant pathogens. Here we report the cloning and characterization of a complete fosfomycin biosynthetic cluster from Streptomyces fradiae and heterologous production of fosfomycin in S. lividans. Sequence analysis coupled with gene(More)
Phosphite dehydrogenase (PTDH) catalyzes the unusual oxidation of phosphite to phosphate with the concomitant reduction of NAD(+) to NADH. PTDH shares significant amino acid sequence similarity with D-hydroxy acid dehydrogenases (DHs), including strongly conserved catalytic residues His292, Glu266, and Arg237. Site-directed mutagenesis studies corroborate(More)
Phosphite dehydrogenase (PTDH) catalyzes the NAD-dependent oxidation of phosphite to phosphate, a reaction that is 15 kcal/mol exergonic. The enzyme belongs to the family of D-hydroxy acid dehydrogenases. Five other family members that were analyzed do not catalyze the oxidation of phosphite, ruling out the possibility that this is a ubiquitous activity of(More)