A xylose reductase (XR) gene was identified from the Neurospora crassa whole-genome sequence, expressed heterologously in Escherichia coli, and purified as a His6-tagged fusion in high yield. This enzyme is one of the most active XRs thus far characterized and may be used for the in vitro production of xylitol.
Homology modeling was used to identify two particular residues, Glu175 and Ala176, in Pseudomonas stutzeri phosphite dehydrogenase (PTDH) as the principal determinants of nicotinamide cofactor (NAD(+) and NADP(+)) specificity. Replacement of these two residues by site-directed mutagenesis with Ala175 and Arg176 both separately and in combination resulted in… (More)
NAD(P)H-dependent oxidoreductases are valuable tools for synthesis of chiral compounds. The expense of the cofactors, however, requires in situ cofactor regeneration for preparative applications. We have attempted to develop an enzymatic system based on phosphite dehydrogenase (PTDH) from Pseudomonas stutzeri to regenerate the reduced nicotinamide cofactors… (More)
Hydroxyethylphosphonate is a required intermediate in fosfomycin biosynthesis.
Fosfomycin is a clinically utilized, highly effective antibiotic, which is active against methicillin- and vancomycin-resistant pathogens. Here we report the cloning and characterization of a complete fosfomycin biosynthetic cluster from Streptomyces fradiae and heterologous production of fosfomycin in S. lividans. Sequence analysis coupled with gene… (More)
The in situ regeneration of reduced nicotinamide cofactors (NAD(P)H) is necessary for practical synthesis of many important chemicals. Here, we report the engineering of a highly stable and active mutant phosphite dehydrogenase (12x-A176R PTDH) from Pseudomonas stutzeri and evaluation of its potential as an effective NADPH regeneration system in an enzyme… (More)
NAD(P)H regeneration is important for biocatalytic reactions that require these costly cofactors. A mutant phosphite dehydrogenase (PTDH-E175A/A176R) that utilizes both NAD and NADP efficiently is a very promising system for NAD(P)H regeneration. In this work, both the kinetic mechanism and practical application of PTDH-E175A/A176R were investigated for… (More)
Phosphonic acids encompass a common yet chemically diverse class of natural products that often possess potent biological activities. Here we report that, despite the significant structural differences among many of these compounds, their biosynthetic routes contain an unexpected common intermediate, 2-hydroxyethyl-phosphonate, which is synthesized from… (More)
Biocatalysis and industry have not always been associated. For much of chemical antiquity, most chemists did not accept the idea of using enzymes as catalysts for industrial applications. Among the reasons cited were that enzymes are too inflexible in their substrate choice and chemistry performed , they are unstable at high temperatures, they function… (More)