Ryan Cotterell

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The 2016 SIGMORPHON Shared Task was devoted to the problem of morphological reinflection. It introduced morphological datasets for 10 languages with diverse typological characteristics. The shared task drew submissions from 9 teams representing 11 institutions reflecting a variety of approaches to addressing supervised learning of reinflection. For the(More)
We present labeled morphological segmentation—an alternative view of morphological processing that unifies several tasks. We introduce a new hierarchy of morphotactic tagsets and CHIPMUNK, a discriminative morphological segmentation system that, contrary to previous work, explicitly models morphotactics. We show improved performance on three tasks for all(More)
This paper presents a multi-dialect, multi-genre, human annotated corpus of dialectal Arabic with data obtained from both online newspaper commentary and Twitter. Most Arabic corpora are small and focus on Modern Standard Arabic (MSA). There has been recent interest, however, in the construction of dialectal Arabic corpora (Zaidan and Callison-Burch, 2011a;(More)
How should one apply deep learning to tasks such as morphological reinflection, which stochastically edit one string to get another? A recent approach to such sequence-to-sequence tasks is to compress the input string into a vector that is then used to generate the output string, using recurrent neural networks. In contrast, we propose to keep the(More)
We present LEMMING, a modular loglinear model that jointly models lemmatization and tagging and supports the integration of arbitrary global features. It is trainable on corpora annotated with gold standard tags and lemmata and does not rely on morphological dictionaries or analyzers. LEMMING sets the new state of the art in token-based statistical(More)
String similarity is most often measured by weighted or unweighted edit distance d(x, y). Ristad and Yianilos (1998) defined stochastic edit distance—a probability distribution p(y | x) whose parameters can be trained from data. We generalize this so that the probability of choosing each edit operation can depend on contextual features. We show how to(More)
Languages with rich inflectional morphology exhibit lexical data sparsity, since the word used to express a given concept will vary with the syntactic context. For instance, each count noun in Czech has 12 forms (where English uses only singular and plural). Even in large corpora, we are unlikely to observe all inflections of a given lemma. This reduces the(More)
Linguistic similarity is multi-faceted. For instance, two words may be similar with respect to semantics, syntax, or morphology inter alia. Continuous word-embeddings have been shown to capture most of these shades of similarity to some degree. This work considers guiding word-embeddings with morphologically annotated data, a form of semisupervised(More)
Arabic is not just one language, but rather a collection of dialects in addition to Modern Standard Arabic (MSA). While MSA is used in formal situations, dialects are the language of every day life. Until recently, there was very little dialectal Arabic in written form. With the advent of social-media, however, the landscape has changed. We provide the(More)
We present a model of morphological segmentation that jointly learns to segment and restore orthographic changes, e.g., funniest 7→ fun-y-est. We term this form of analysis canonical segmentation and contrast it with the traditional surface segmentation, which segments a surface form into a sequence of substrings, e.g., funniest 7→ funn-i-est. We derive an(More)