Ryan C. Donohue

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Dosage compensation, the equalized X chromosome gene expression between males and females in Drosophila, has also been found in triple X metafemales. Inverse dosage effects, produced by genomic imbalance, are believed to account for this modulated expression, but they have not been studied on a global level. Here, we show a global expression comparison of(More)
Dosage compensation is achieved in male Drosophila by a twofold up-regulation of the single X chromosome to reach the level of the two X chromosomes in females. A popular hypothesis to explain this phenomenon is that the male-specific lethal (MSL) complex, which is present at high levels on the male X, mediates this modulation of gene expression. One member(More)
In Drosophila melanogaster, small RNAs homologous to transposable elements (TEs) are of two types: piRNA (piwi-interacting RNA) with size 23-29nt and siRNA (small interfering RNA) with size 19-22nt. The siRNA pathway is suggested to silence TE activities in somatic tissues based on TE expression profiles, but direct evidence of transposition is lacking.(More)
A set of proteins and noncoding RNAs, referred to as the male specific lethal (MSL) complex, is present on the male X chromosome in Drosophila and has been postulated to be responsible for dosage compensation of this chromosome - the up-regulation of its expression to be equal to that of two X chromosomes in females. This hypothesis is evaluated in view of(More)
Small nonprotein-coding microRNAs (miRNAs) are present in most eukaryotes and are central effectors of RNA silencing-mediated mechanisms for gene expression regulation. In plants, DICER-LIKE1 (DCL1) is the founding member of a highly conserved family of RNase III-like endonucleases that function as core machinery proteins to process hairpin-like precursor(More)
Dosage compensation refers to the equal expression between the sexes despite the fact that the dosage of the X chromosome is different in males and females. In Drosophila there is a twofold upregulation of the single male X. In triple X metafemales, there is also dosage compensation, which occurs by a two-thirds downregulation. There is a concomitant(More)
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