Ryan C. Bailey

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We have analyzed the growth allometry of external body proportions in Efe pygmies from Zaire and combined these data with values from the literature for comparable dimensions in adult pygmies and nonpygmies. We sequentially tested the hypotheses that adult proportion differences between 1) male vs. female Efe, and 2) pygmies vs. nonpygmies result from(More)
We report the synthesis of new " branched " gold nanocrystals in high yield (over 90%) via a wet-chemical route. The branched nanocrystals exhibit a shape-dependent plasmon resonance that is red-shifted by 130−180 nm from the spherical particle wavelength. Discrete dipole approximation (DDA) calculations qualitatively replicate the observed optical(More)
We present a combination of theory and experiment designed to elucidate the properties of gold nanoshells. Wet chemistry methods are used to prepare the nanoshells, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis is used to characterize the shell structure, demonstrating the presence of pinholes in the shells. Both Mie theory and the discrete dipole(More)
Sensors that change color have the advantages of versatility, ease of use, high sensitivity, and low cost. The recent development of optically based chemical sensing platforms has increasingly employed substrates manufactured with advanced processing or fabrication techniques to provide precise control over shape and morphology of the sensor micro- and(More)
Micropatterning of the vapochromic charge-transfer salt, [Pt(CNC6H4C10H21)4][Pd(CN)4], on transparent platforms yields transmissive chemoresponsive diffraction gratings. Exposure of the gratings to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) such as chloroform and methanol leads to VOC uptake by the porous material comprising the grating lattice or framework, and a(More)
We report a real-time DNA detection method that utilizes single-strand DNA-modified nanoparticle probes and micropatterned chemoresponsive diffraction gratings interrogated simultaneously at multiple laser wavelengths. The surface-bound nanoparticle probe based assay with the chemoresponsive diffraction grating signal transduction scheme results in an(More)
Molecular squares, triangles, rectangles, and related structures , consisting of transition-metal corners and difunctional ligand edges, are the synthetic focus of a substantial segment of contemporary coordination chemistry. [1±4] The attraction of these structures, which typically feature molecule-sized cavities , is their ability to function as soluble(More)
A survey of 34 shield lakes in Ontario and Quebec, pH 4.4 to 7.1, was made to evaluate which metals should be considered of concern as a risk to aquatic biota or consumers when lakes are acid stressed. A set of predictions, concerning the mobilization by man, the mobility, the chemical speciation, and the toxicity or bioaccumulation of metals in(More)
Micropatterned polymeric diffraction gratings have been fabricated and evaluated as volatile organic chemical sensors. When operated under nonresonant conditions, sensor elements were found to respond in a rapid (response time 5-15 s) and reproducible fashion to each analyte investigated. Relative response magnitudes were found to be in qualitative(More)
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