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OBJECTIVE We have recently reported that adventitial fibroblasts are able to express endothelin-1 (ET-1) in response to angiotensin II (Ang II) stimulation. However, the mechanism by which this occurs in the adventitia remains unclear. As Ang II has been reported to increase oxidant production by NADPH oxidase, we examined the role of this complex in Ang II(More)
Selenium (Se) deficiency in rats produced significant increases in the activity of hepatic glutathione S-transferase (GST) with 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene as substrate and in various GST isoenzymes when determined by radioimmunoassay. These changes is GST activity and concentration were associated with Se deficiency that was severe enough to provoke(More)
Arteries from hypertensive animals and humans have increased spontaneous tone. Increased superoxide anion (superoxide) contributes to elevated blood pressure (BP) and spontaneous tone in hypertension. The association between the extracellular signaling-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2)-mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway and generation of(More)
Endothelial cells are a major source of endothelin (ET)-1, but the possibility that vascular adventitial fibroblasts generate ET-1 has not been explored. We hypothesized that aortic adventitial fibroblasts have the ability to produce ET-1, which may contribute to extracellular matrix synthesis. Vascular adventitial fibroblasts were isolated from mouse aorta(More)
The vascular adventitia, defined as the area between the external elastic lamina and the outermost edge of the blood vessel, is composed primarily of fibroblasts and for years was thought to be merely a passive structural support for the blood vessel. Consequently, studies pertaining to the role of the adventitia in regulating vascular function have been(More)
The adventitia has been recognized to play important roles in vascular oxidative stress, remodeling, and contraction. We recently demonstrated that adventitial fibroblasts are able to express endothelin (ET)-1 in response to ANG II. However, it is unclear whether ET-1 receptors are expressed in the adventitia. We therefore investigated the expression and(More)
Transgenic mice expressing the E7 protein of HPV16 from the keratin 14 promoter demonstrate increasing thymic hypertrophy with age. This hypertrophy is associated with increased absolute numbers of all thymocyte types, and with increased cortical and medullary cellularity. In the thymic medulla, increased compartmentalization of the major thymic stromal(More)