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A person who keeps or controls a dog in his own interest is liable “without fault” should that dog cause harm to any person. By owning a dog, man welcomes into his home a beast that preserves much of its primordial self, and is capable of inflicting a fatal bite wound. The courts may require the forensic expert to identify which specific dog caused the(More)
A retrospective review of 406 suicidal gunshot wounds to the head, investigated at the Medico-Legal Laboratory of Pretoria, between 1997 and 2000 was performed. Fifty-seven percent of fatal suicidal firearm injury to the head occurred in the 21- to 40-year age range in both male and female victims. Eighty-two percent of all these victims of suicidal firearm(More)
A review of the Southern Africa medical literature shows a paucity of published data regarding lightning fatalities. The South African Highveld has a lightning ground flash density of 6 to 9 flashes/km/year, with a high incidence of thunderstorm days per year (some 40-70). The Highveld has a largely urban population, many of whom have low socioeconomic(More)
There is a paucity of data with regards to non-lightning, electrical-related injuries in sub-Saharan Africa. A review of the South African medical literature also shows a dearth of electrocution-related information. This study aimed to retrospectively review all high- and low-voltage-electrocution-fatality cases in Gauteng, South Africa for the period(More)
The era of sphingolipid-based therapeutics is upon us. A large body of work has been accumulating that demonstrates the distinct biological roles of sphingolipids in maintaining a homeostatic environment and in responding to environmental stimuli to regulate cellular processes. It is thus necessary to further investigate alterations in(More)
Bone marrow embolism in electrocution was first described in the literature by Rappaport et al (Am J Pathol. 1951;27(3):407-433) in 1951. Two case studies demonstrating this phenomenon are reported here, one involving high-voltage exposure with associated skeletal injuries and the other involving domestic current and without evidence of skeletal injury.(More)
Five mechanisms have been described in the literature regarding lightning injury mechanisms. A sixth mechanism is proposed in this article, namely, lightning barotrauma. A simple laboratory experiment was conducted using ordnance gelatin for ballistic studies. Lightning was simulated in a high-voltage laboratory using an 8/20-microsecond current impulse(More)