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In progressive viral infection, antiviral T cell function is impaired by poorly understood mechanisms. Here we report that the inhibitory immunoregulatory receptor CTLA-4 was selectively upregulated in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-specific CD4(+) T cells but not CD8(+) T cells in all categories of HIV-infected subjects evaluated, with the exception of(More)
Early events during acute human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection are critical in determining the course of disease progression. Cells of the innate and adaptive immune responses are involved in this acute response to infection; however, little is known about the coevolution of innate and adaptive effector cell populations during the initial(More)
In this paper, we present a novel passive millimeter-wave (PMMW) imaging system designed using compressive sensing principles. We employ randomly encoded masks at the focal plane of the PMMW imager to acquire incoherent measurements of the imaged scene. We develop a Bayesian reconstruction algorithm to estimate the original image from these measurements,(More)
BACKGROUND The Peng flap was first described in 1987 and there has been only one subsequent article published about its use. The Peng flap is very versatile and has a greater range of application than previously described. It can be used for central and eccentric defects of the nasal tip and it is also an excellent choice for defects that bridge the(More)
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