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BACKGROUND Thoracic esophageal diverticula are uncommon, and controversies exist regarding their management. The objective of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of a relatively large cohort of patients with thoracic esophageal diverticula treated with minimally invasive surgical techniques. METHODS We conducted a retrospective review of patients who… (More)
OBJECTIVE The Surgical Apgar Score is a validated prognostic tool that is based on select intraoperative variables (heart rate, mean arterial pressure, and blood loss). It has been shown to be a strong predictor of morbidity and mortality in a variety of surgical populations. Esophagectomy for malignancy represents a unique subset of patients at high risk… (More)
The following on Barrett's esophagus (BE) and animal models contains commentaries on the factors of BE carcinogenesis; a duodenoesophageal reflux model; translation of targeted therapies for esophageal adenocarcinoma; and novel target regimens selected through a proteomics screen.
BACKGROUND Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy has been shown to be a safe, minimally invasive approach for the surgical management of lung cancer. Despite evidence supporting oncologic efficacy, recent reports indicate that less than half of lobectomies are performed by VATS. We examined nationwide lobectomy practice patterns to identify… (More)
Sarcomatoid renal cell carcinoma is an uncommon renal tumor, and osteogenic differentiation has been reported in only a few of these tumors. The authors report such a case with radiographic, light microscopic, and electron microscopic findings, which demonstrate that the sarcomatoid areas of the tumor are derived from the malignant epithelial cells,… (More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have suggested that esophagectomy is severely underused for patients with resectable esophageal cancer. The recent expansion of endoscopic local therapies, advances in surgical techniques, and improved postoperative outcomes have changed the therapeutic landscape. The impact of these developments and evolving treatment guidelines… (More)