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BACKGROUND Thoracic esophageal diverticula are uncommon, and controversies exist regarding their management. The objective of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of a relatively large cohort of patients with thoracic esophageal diverticula treated with minimally invasive surgical techniques. METHODS We conducted a retrospective review of patients who(More)
Sarcomatoid renal cell carcinoma is an uncommon renal tumor, and osteogenic differentiation has been reported in only a few of these tumors. The authors report such a case with radiographic, light microscopic, and electron microscopic findings, which demonstrate that the sarcomatoid areas of the tumor are derived from the malignant epithelial cells,(More)
A 40-year-old woman presented with facial swelling and pressure sensation of the ears and sinuses. Chest roentgenography revealed a right paratracheal mass, which was confirmed by a venogram, and transjugular biopsy showed low-grade leiomyosarcoma. The superior vena cava was resected and reconstructed using a spiral vein graft. Pathologic evaluation(More)
Schwannomas (neurilemmomas) are benign tumors arising from the Schwann cells of the neural sheath. They are typically well-encapsulated lesions and in the chest they are most commonly seen within the posterior mediastinum, often originating along the intercostal nerves. Several operative approaches have previously been described for the resection of these(More)
OBJECTIVE The Surgical Apgar Score is a validated prognostic tool that is based on select intraoperative variables (heart rate, mean arterial pressure, and blood loss). It has been shown to be a strong predictor of morbidity and mortality in a variety of surgical populations. Esophagectomy for malignancy represents a unique subset of patients at high risk(More)
BACKGROUND Surgical skills are traditionally taught and practiced in the operating room. However, changes in health care policy and outcome-based evaluation have decreased trainee operative autonomy. We examined cardiothoracic residents' perceptions of operative experience and the role of simulation. METHODS The In-Training Examination (ITE) is taken each(More)
BACKGROUND Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy has been shown to be a safe, minimally invasive approach for the surgical management of lung cancer. Despite evidence supporting oncologic efficacy, recent reports indicate that less than half of lobectomies are performed by VATS. We examined nationwide lobectomy practice patterns to identify(More)