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Pre-clinical studies in mice and haemophilic dogs have shown that introduction of an adeno-associated viral (AAV) vector encoding blood coagulation factor IX (FIX) into skeletal muscle results in sustained expression of F.IX at levels sufficient to correct the haemophilic phenotype. On the basis of these data and additional pre-clinical studies(More)
Hemophilia B is a severe X-linked bleeding diathesis caused by the absence of functional blood coagulation factor IX, and is an excellent candidate for treatment of a genetic disease by gene therapy. Using an adeno-associated viral vector, we demonstrate sustained expression (>17 months) of factor IX in a large-animal model at levels that would have a(More)
Recombinant adeno-associated virus vectors (AAV) were prepared in high titer (10(12) to 10(13) particles/mL) for the expression of human factor IX after in vivo transduction of murine hepatocytes. Injection of AAV-CMV-F.IX (expression from the human cytomegalovirus IE enhancer/promoter) into the portal vein of adult mice resulted in no detectable human(More)
BACKGROUND Gene and protein replacement therapies for inherited protein deficiencies such as hemophilia or lysosomal storage disorders are limited by deleterious immune responses directed against their respective therapeutic proteins. Therefore, the development of protocols preventing such responses is key to providing successful long-term therapy. (More)
BACKGROUND Formation of inhibitory antibodies is a frequent and serious complication of factor (F) VIII replacement therapy for the X-linked bleeding disorder hemophilia A. Similarly, hemophilia A mice develop high-titer inhibitors to recombinant human FVIII after a few intravenous injections. OBJECTIVE Using the murine model, the study sought to develop(More)
A potential consequence of systemic administration of viral vectors is the inadvertent introduction of foreign DNA into recipient germ cells. To evaluate the safety of in vivo recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) mediated gene transfer approaches for hemophilia B, we explored the risk of germline transmission of vector sequences following intramuscular(More)
The aim of gene therapy for hemophilia is the stable introduction and expression of a gene encoding functional blood coagulation factor VIII or IX. Although there are as yet no published studies demonstrating long-term expression of therapeutic levels in large animal models of the disease, there have been several reports over the past year of sustained(More)
The immune response to coagulation factors VIII or IX, in particular formation of inhibitory antibodies, complicates treatment of hemophilia. Therefore, a number of recent studies in animal models have explored novel approaches toward induction of immune tolerance in protein or gene replacement therapy. Strong evidence has emerged that regulatory T cells(More)
We sought to determine whether intramuscular injection of a recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vector expressing human factor IX (hF.IX) could direct expression of therapeutic levels of the transgene in experimental animals. High titer (10(12)-10(13) vector genomes/ml) rAAV expressing hF.IX was prepared, purified, and injected into hindlimb muscles(More)
The X-linked bleeding disorder hemophilia B is caused by absence of functional blood coagulation factor IX (F9) and can be treated by adeno-associated viral (AAV) mediated gene transfer to skeletal muscle. The safety of this approach is currently being evaluated in a phase I clinical trial. Efficacy of this and several other gene therapy strategies has been(More)