Ruzana Davoyan

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market shares for consumers and websites on interconnection settlements between networks. We proposed to differentiate traffic into two types, referred to as native and stranger in order to determine an original initiator of transmission in the IP network and to compensate the interconnection costs. In comparison to the existing financial settlement, under(More)
This paper investigates the impact of determination of an original initiator of transmission on demand as well as profits of the providers. For that purpose we present a new model, called differentiated traffic-based interconnection agreement (DTIA) that differentiates traffic into two types, referred to as native and stranger in order to determine a(More)
  • R. Davoyan
  • 2008
This paper presents a new model, called differentiated traffic-based interconnection agreement (DTIA) for reciprocal compensation between providers. In particular the model aims to achieve the twofold goal of i) determination of an original initiator of transmission, and ii) compensation of the interconnection costs. For that purpose, traffic is(More)
Pilot experiments on using molecular markers in the breeding of winter wheat that were conducted at the Lukyanenko Agricultural Research Institute are described. The most efficient methods for using markers when developing new cultivars are outlined. The genes that are responsible for valuable agronomic traits were identified in varieties that are bred at(More)
—In terms of intercarrier compensation traffic flows are measured to allocate the costs between networks. This method provides a poor basis for sharing any costs. In this work we analyze the benefits of the traffic differentiation on the interconnection charges in unilateral and bilateral arrangements. We determine an original initiator of a transmission(More)
DNA samples of wild relatives, synthetic forms, and introgression lines of common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) were genotyped with diagnostic molecular markers that are linked to the leaf-rust resistance genes Lr9, Lr35, and Lr47. The Lr9 gene was identified in Aegilops umbellulata and Lr35 and Lr47 were identified in Ae. speltoides. The synthetic forms(More)
Grey wheatgrass Agropyron glaucum (Desf. ex DC) Roem. & Schult is a valuable source of genes for resistance to diseases, frost resistance, and salt tolerance. An unstable 76-chromosomal amphidiploid combining genomes A and B of common wheat variety Avrora, six chromosomes of genome D of the same variety, and a full set of Ag. glaucum (2n = 42) chromosomes(More)
Wheat accessions were genotyped with molecular markers linked to wheat leaf rust resistance genes Lr9, Lr10, Lr19, Lr24, Lr26, Lr34, and Lr37. They included 1920 wheat plants and 46 commercial varieties bred at the Lukyanenko Institute. Basically, the analyzed varieties had the inefficient gene Lr10, poorly efficient Lr26 and Lr34, or their combinations.(More)