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Although the functions of a few effector proteins produced by bacterial and oomycete plant pathogens have been elucidated in recent years, information for the vast majority of pathogen effectors is still lacking, particularly for those of plant-pathogenic fungi. Here, we show that the avirulence effector AvrPiz-t from the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe(More)
A sub-microscopic mechanism model named Fully Coupled Activated Sludge Model (FCASM) about biological nutrient removal in the wastewater treatment process was developed in the present study. The functional organisms existing simultaneously in the activated sludge system were separated into eight groups, including aerobic heterotrophic organisms, nitrite(More)
Hemibiotrophic pathogens are some of the most destructive plant pathogens, causing huge economic losses and threatening global food security. Infection with these organisms often involves an initial biotrophic infection phase, during which the pathogen spreads in host tissue asymptomatically, followed by a necrotrophic phase, during which host-cell death is(More)
To better understand the effect of influent nitrogen concentration on granule size and microbial community in a granule-based enhanced biological phosphorus removal system, three influent nitrogen concentrations were tested while carbon concentration was an unlimited factor. The results show that although ammonium and phosphate were well removed in the(More)
Forty-six ancient Tibetan star-shaped towers and a village are located on a giant slope, which would be partially flooded by a nearby reservoir currently under construction. Ground survey, boreholes, and geophysical investigations have been carried out, with results indicating that the slope consists of loose deposit with a mean thickness of approximately(More)
In recent years, more and more users hope the search results can meet human's demand when they use a search engine. On the basis of analysis and study on the open source Lucene system architecture, a semantic search system is designed based on the special XML data sources in this paper. What's more, we use the word item location and word semantic to improve(More)
With pot experiment, this paper studied the membrane lipid peroxidation and the variations of antioxidation system in Cynodon dactylon under recirculated landfill leachate irrigation. The results showed that when irrigated with low dilution ratio (< 25%) leachate, the chlorophyll a/b ratio increased with increasing dilution ratio, membrane permeability and(More)
The resource location of traditional structured P2P Networks is usually with high efficiency, but do not support the retrieval of semantic correlation. Therefore, this paper on the basis of studying structured P2P Networksdeeply, combines with the advantages of search-engine technology, then proposesa layered P2P network retrieval model of semantics based(More)
This is a PDF file of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication. As a service to our customers we are providing this early version of the manuscript. The manuscript will undergo copyediting, typesetting, and review of the resulting proof before it is published in its final form. Please note that during the production process errors may(More)