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Cigarette smoke-exposure promotes neurobiological changes associated with neurocognitive abnormalities. Curcumin, a natural polyphenol, have shown to be able to prevent cigarette smoke-induced cognitive impairment. Here, we investigated possible mechanisms involved in curcumin protection against cigarette smoke-induced cognitive impairment and, due to its(More)
This work reports the preparation of dexamethasone in nanoparticle-coated microparticles and the study of the influence of such microencapsulation on drug absorption across Caco-2 cell monolayers. Nanoparticle-coated microparticles were prepared by spray-drying using nanocapsules (NC) or nanospheres (NS) in aqueous suspensions as coating material. Drug(More)
In this study, we developed curcumin-loaded lipid-core nanocapsules (C-LNCs) in an attempt to improve the antiglioma activity of this polyphenol. C-LNC showed nanotechnological properties such as nanometric mean size (196 nm), 100% encapsulation efficiency, polydispersity index below 0.1, and negative zeta potential. The in vitro release assays demonstrated(More)
Haloperidol is an antipsychotic drug associated with the development of movement disorders. We evaluated the effect of its nanoencapsulation on its pharmacological activity and motor side effects. Haloperidol-loaded polysorbate-coated nanocapsules (H-NC) showed nanometric size, negative zeta potential and low polydispersity indices and high encapsulation(More)
Ilex paraguariensis is used in Brazil as a stimulating beverage called "mate". Leaves and immature fruit extracts of Ilex paraguariensis were evaluated for their radical scavenging capacity, total methylxanthine and polyphenol contents. Antimicrobial activity of two enriched saponin fractions obtained from the fruits were also evaluated. The radical(More)
Onychomycosis are fungal infections affecting finger and toenails mainly caused by dermatophyte fungi and some Candida species. Low cure rates and frequent recurrence, development of a fungal resistance front to various antimicrobial agents topical and systemic, and an ineffective topical treatment make onychomycosis difficult to treat. Essential oils are(More)
Resveratrol and curcumin are natural antioxidants found in the human diet that have been used in the prevention and treatment of different diseases associated with oxidative stress. Aiming to improve the antioxidant effects of resveratrol and curcumin, lipid-core nanocapsules containing the combination of both polyphenols were developed. Physicochemical(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate, for the first time, the antifungal efficacy of nanocapsules and nanoemulsions containing Melaleuca alternifolia essential oil (tea tree oil) in an onychomycosis model. The antifungal activity of nanostructured formulations was evaluated against Trichophyton rubrum in two different in vitro models of dermatophyte nail(More)
Haloperidol is the most widely used antipsychotic drug in the treatment of psychiatric disorders. Despite its satisfactory therapeutic effect, its chronic use is related to severe motor side effects. Here, we investigate the incidence of motor side effects of haloperidol-loaded nanocapsules when compared to free haloperidol and the relation with oxidative(More)
The in vitro assessment of drug release from polymeric nanocapsules suspensions is one of the most studied parameters in the development of drug-loaded nanoparticles. Nevertheless, official methods for the evaluation of drug release from submicrometric carriers are not available. In this work, a new approach to assess the in vitro drug release profile from(More)