Ruwanthi N. Gunawardane

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Activating mutations in the receptor tyrosine kinase FLT3 are present in up to approximately 30% of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients, implicating FLT3 as a driver of the disease and therefore as a target for therapy. We report the characterization of AC220, a second-generation FLT3 inhibitor, and a comparison of AC220 with the first-generation FLT3(More)
Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) is implicated in the pathogenesis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). FLT3-activating internal tandem duplication (ITD) mutations are found in approximately 30% of patients with AML and are associated with poor outcome in this patient population. Quizartinib (AC220) has previously been shown to be a potent and selective FLT3(More)
Treatment of AML patients with small molecule inhibitors of FLT3 kinase has been explored as a viable therapy. However, these agents are found to be less than optimal for the treatment of AML because of lack of sufficient potency or suboptimal oral pharmacokinetics (PK) or lack of adequate tolerability at efficacious doses. We have developed a series of(More)
Mutations in the BRAF gene have been identified in approximately 7% of cancers, including 60% to 70% of melanomas, 29% to 83% of papillary thyroid carcinomas, 4% to 16% colorectal cancers, and a lesser extent in serous ovarian and non-small cell lung cancers. The V600E mutation is found in the vast majority of cases and is an activating mutation, conferring(More)
Serine/threonine protein kinases Aurora A, B, and C play essential roles in cell mitosis and cytokinesis. Currently a number of Aurora kinase inhibitors with different isoform selectivities are being evaluated in the clinic. Herein we report the discovery and characterization of 21c (AC014) and 21i (AC081), two structurally novel, potent, kinome-selective(More)
Mutations in the BRAF gene have been identified in approximately 7% of cancers, including 6070% of melanomas, 23-83% of papillary thyroid carcinomas, 4–16% colorectal cancers, and a lesser extent in serous ovarian and non-small-cell lung cancers. The V600E mutation is found in the vast majority of cases and is an activating mutation, conferring transforming(More)
Mutations in the BRAF gene have been identified in approximately 7% of cancers, including 60% to 70% of melanomas, 29% to 83% of papillary thyroid carcinomas, 4% to 16% colorectal cancers, and a lesser extent in serous ovarian and non–small cell lung cancers. The V600E mutation is found in the vast majority of cases and is an activating mutation, conferring(More)
The Ras/RAF/MEK/ERK mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway plays a central role in the regulation of cell growth, differentiation, and survival. Expression of mutant BRAF(V600E) results in constitutive activation of the MAPK pathway, which can lead to uncontrolled cellular growth. Herein, we describe an SAR optimization campaign around a(More)
http://bloodjournal.hematologylibrary.org/content/114/14/2984.full.html Updated information and services can be found at: (884 articles) Myeloid Neoplasia • Articles on similar topics can be found in the following Blood collections http://bloodjournal.hematologylibrary.org/site/misc/rights.xhtml#repub_requests Information about reproducing this article in(More)
Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) is implicated in the pathogenesis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). FLT3-activating internal tandem duplication (ITD) mutations are found in approximately 30% of patients with AML and are associated with poor outcome in this patient population. Quizartinib (AC220) has previously been shown to be a potent and selective FLT3(More)