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OBJECTIVES Increased perinatal mortality in monoamniotic twin pregnancies is attributed to cord accidents in utero and at delivery. We evaluated the following parameters in monoamniotic pregnancies: (1) the incidence of cord entanglement; (2) the effect of sulindac on amniotic fluid volume and stability of fetal lie; and (3) the perinatal outcome with our(More)
Antiretrovirals are standard treatment for HIV-1-positive women during pregnancy in the UK, but little is known about maternal or fetal safety. In our cohort study of 214 pregnant women with HIV-1 infection, those who received no antiretroviral therapy had a rate of pre-eclampsia significantly lower (none of 61) than those on triple antiretroviral therapy(More)
Monochorionic (MC) twins have a 3-10-fold higher perinatal mortality and morbidity than dichorionic twins. This is largely attributable to their common vascular architecture and the high rate of discordant fetal growth, growth restriction and congenital abnormalities. In the event of a single intrauterine death (IUD), intertwin agonal transfusion results in(More)
The substantial increase in high order multiple pregnancies in the last two decades as a result of assisted reproductive techniques has necessitated the development of multifetal pregnancy reduction as a management tool to decrease fetal number and improve perinatal survival. The evidence in favour of reduction in pregnancies with more than four fetuses to(More)
OBJECTIVE Preeclampsia is a common and serious complication of pregnancy, characterized by maternal hypertension and proteinuria, placental insufficiency, and fetal growth restriction. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether intracellular Ca 2+ ([Ca 2+ ] i ) and contractile responses of vascular smooth muscle to vasoactive agents are altered in(More)
Monochorionic pregnancies present unique challenges for selective fetal reduction, as vaso-occlusive procedures are required to ablate blood flow, usually in the umbilical cord, to achieve asystole in the selected fetus. We describe a case series of 35 monochorionic pregnancies (27 twins and eight triplets) undergoing selective fetal reduction using(More)
1. Pre-eclampsia is associated with elevated proinflammatory cytokine levels and endothelial dysfunction. This study examined the effect of two cytokines, tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) and interleukin-1beta (IL-1) on endothelium-dependent relaxation in response to acetylcholine (ACH), bradykinin (BK) and histamine (HIS) in rat mesenteric small arteries(More)
Multiple pregnancy rates remain high after assisted conception because of a misconceived assumption that transferring three or more embryos will maximize pregnancy rates. Maternal morbidity is sevenfold greater in multiple pregnancies than in singletons, perinatal mortality rates are fourfold higher for twins and sixfold higher for triplets, while cerebral(More)
OBJECTIVE Approximately 2.8% of pregnancies are Ro/La antibody positive. 3-15% of fetuses develop complete heart block (CHB). First-degree atrioventricular heart block (1 degrees AVB) is reported in a third of Ro/La fetuses but as most have a normal postnatal ECG this may reflect inadequacies of Doppler measurement techniques. METHODS Comparison was made(More)