Ruud Oerlemans

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The proteasome inhibitor bortezomib is a novel anticancer drug that has shown promise in the treatment of refractory multiple myeloma. However, its clinical efficacy has been hampered by the emergence of drug-resistance phenomena, the molecular basis of which remains elusive. Toward this end, we here developed high levels (45- to 129-fold) of acquired(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the expression of folate receptor beta (FRbeta) in synovial biopsy tissues and peripheral blood lymphocytes from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and to identify novel folate antagonists that are more selective in the targeting and internalization of FRbeta than methotrexate (MTX). METHODS Immunohistochemistry and(More)
BACKGROUND A recent study from our laboratory showed that induction of the multidrug resistance related drug efflux pump ABCG2 contributed to acquired resistance of human T cells to the disease modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) sulfasalazine (SSZ). OBJECTIVES To investigate the duration of SSZ resistance and ABCG2 expression after withdrawal of SSZ and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether overexpression of cell membrane associated drug efflux pumps belonging to the family of ATP binding cassette (ABC) proteins contributes to a diminished efficacy of sulfasalazine (SSZ) after prolonged cellular exposure to this disease modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD). METHODS A model system of human T cells (CEM) was used(More)
The ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter P-glycoprotein (P-gp; ABCB1) is highly expressed at the blood-brain barrier (BBB). P-gp actively secretes and keeps the central nervous system (CNS) safe from body-born metabolites, but also from drugs and food components, emphasising the importance of its optimal function to maintain brain homeostasis. Here we(More)
Bortezomib (BTZ), a registered proteasome inhibitor (PI) for multiple myeloma, has also been proposed as a potential antirheumatic agent. Its reported side effects, however, make it unappealing for long-term administration, and resistance may also develop. To overcome this, second-generation PIs became available. Here, we investigated whether a novel class(More)
OBJECTIVE The proteasome is a multicatalytic proteinase complex regulating the intracellular breakdown of many proteins, including those mediating the activation of pro-inflammatory signaling pathways (e.g. NFkappaB), cell proliferation and survival. Conceptually, proteasome inhibitors may therefore elicit potential anti-inflammatory properties by(More)
Adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs) are promising candidates for regenerative therapy, like after myocardial infarction. However, when transplanted into the infarcted heart, ASCs are jeopardized by the ischemic environment. Interestingly, it has been shown that multidrug resistance (MDR) proteins like the breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) and(More)
ABC transporters were identified originally for their contribution to clinical MDR as a result of their capacity to extrude various unrelated cytotoxic drugs. More recent reports have shown that ABC transporters can play important roles in the development, differentiation, and maturation of immune cells and are involved in migration of immune effector cells(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether interactions of sulfasalazine (SSZ) with reduced folate carrier (RFC), the dominant cell membrane transporter for natural folates and methotrexate (MTX), may limit the efficacy of combination therapy with MTX and SSZ in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS Human RFC-(over)expressing CEM cells of T cell origin were(More)