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PURPOSE To compare source-to-background ratio (SBR)-based PET-CT auto-delineation with pathology in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and to investigate whether auto-delineation reduces the interobserver variability compared with manual PET-CT-based gross tumor volume (GTV) delineation. METHODS AND MATERIALS Source-to-background ratio-based(More)
BACKGROUND Long-term survival can be obtained with local treatment of lung metastases from colorectal cancer. However, it is unclear as to what the optimal local therapy is: surgery, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) or stereotactic radiotherapy (SBRT). METHODS A systematic review included 27 studies matching with the a priori selection criteria, the most(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE 18F-fluoro-2-deoxy-glucose (FDG) uptake on PET scan is a prognostic factor for outcome in NSCLC. We investigated changes in FDG uptake during fractionated radiotherapy in relation to metabolic response with the ultimate aim to adapt treatment according to early response. METHODS AND MATERIALS Twenty-three patients, medically(More)
BACKGROUND Stage IV non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with oligometastases (< 5 metastatic lesions) may experience long-term survival when all macroscopic tumor sites are treated radically, but no prospective data on NSCLCs with synchronous oligometastases are available. METHODS A prospective single-arm phase II trial was conducted. The main(More)
PURPOSE Increased tumor metabolism and hypoxia are related to poor prognosis in solid tumors, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PET imaging is a noninvasive technique that is frequently used to visualize and quantify tumor metabolism and hypoxia. The aim of this study was to perform an extensive comparison of tumor metabolism using(More)
OBJECTIVES Both bone and brain are frequent sites of metastasis in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Conflicting data exist whether EGFR mutant (+) patients are more prone to develop brain metastases or have a better outcome with brain metastases compared to EGFR/KRAS wildtype (WT) or KRAS+ patients. For bone metastases this has not been studied. (More)
PURPOSE To determine the difference in size between computed tomography (CT)-based irradiated boost volumes and simulator-based irradiated volumes in patients treated with breast-conserving therapy and to analyze whether the use of anisotropic three-dimensional clinical target volume (CTV) margins using the histologically determined free resection margins(More)
BACKGROUND Trials are vital in informing routine clinical care; however, current designs have major deficiencies. An overview of the various challenges that face modern clinical research and the methods that can be exploited to solve these challenges, in the context of personalised cancer treatment in the 21st century is provided. AIM The purpose of this(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumours are mostly heterogeneous. We hypothesized that areas within the tumour with a high pre-radiation (18)F-deoxyglucose (FDG) uptake, could identify residual metabolic-active areas, ultimately enabling selective-boosting of tumour sub-volumes. MATERIAL AND METHODS Fifty-five patients with(More)
PURPOSE To characterize the relationship between pre-radiotherapy (18)Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake in a tumour voxel, radiation dose and the probability to achieve metabolic control in the tumour voxel after radiotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-nine patients with inoperable stage I-III non-small cell lung cancer, treated with radiotherapy (RT)(More)