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A human hippocampus cDNA library was screened with a probe obtained from degenerate RT-PCR aimed at P2Y-homologous sequences. A positive clone, designated hip4, was identified containing an open reading frame of 1,020 bp that had been previously detected in a published genomic clone called R12. Subsequent screening of a human fetal brain cDNA library(More)
Dominant missense mutations in the human glycine receptor (GlyR) alpha 1 subunit gene (GLRA1) give rise to hereditary hyperekplexia. These mutations impair agonist affinities and change conductance states of expressed mutant channels, resulting in a partial loss of function. In a recessive case of hyperekplexia, we found a deletion of exons 1-6 of the GLRA1(More)
OBJECTIVE Because in most patients with mental retardation (MR), who constitute 2 to 3% of the population, the etiology remains unknown, we wanted to identify novel chromosomal candidate regions and genes associated with the MR phenotype. METHODS We screened for microimbalances in 60 clinically well-characterized patients with unexplained MR mostly(More)
BACKGROUND The etiology of spontaneous cervical artery dissection (CAD) is largely unknown. An underlying connective tissue disorder has often been postulated. OBJECTIVE To further assess the association of CAD with ultrastructural abnormalities of the dermal connective tissue. METHODS In a multicenter study, skin biopsies of 65 patients with proven(More)
About one-third of sporadic basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) of the skin and 10-15% of primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) of the central nervous system show mutations in the PTCH tumor suppressor gene. The PTCH gene product (Ptch) functions as a transmembrane receptor for the Sonic hedgehog protein (Shh) and interacts with another transmembrane protein(More)
In this study, we performed an in-depth analysis of the neurologic and ophthalmologic phenotype in a patient with Pitt-Hopkins syndrome (PTHS), a disorder characterized by severe mental and motor retardation, carrying a uniallelic TCF4 deletion, and studied a zebrafish model. The PTHS-patient was characterized by high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging(More)
Using comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) we have previously identified amplification at 17q21-qter as a common aberration in anaplastic meningiomas but not in atypical or benign meningiomas (19). To define the amplified genomic region, we analyzed 44 meningeal tumors, including 7 benign meningiomas of World Health Organization (WHO) grade 1,19 atypical(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The dermal connective tissue of most patients with spontaneous cervical artery dissections (sCAD) contains abnormal collagen fibers. This suggests a predisposing connective tissue defect. The ultrastructural abnormalities in the skin of patients with sCAD have similarity with the morphological alterations in patients with(More)
Gangliogliomas are generally benign neuroepithelial tumors composed of dysplastic neuronal and neoplastic glial elements. We screened 61 gangliogliomas [World Health Organization (WHO) grade I] for genomic alterations by chromosomal and array-based comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). Aberrations were detected in 66% of gangliogliomas (mean +/- SEM =(More)
A1 adenosine receptors were labeled in rat brain sections with the antagonist [3H]8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine ([3H]DPCPX) and visualized at the light microscopic level using autoradiography. The specific binding of [3H]DPCPX to the sections showed the pharmacological characteristics of A1 adenosine receptors and was accompanied by very low levels of(More)