Learn More
Dominant missense mutations in the human glycine receptor (GlyR) alpha 1 subunit gene (GLRA1) give rise to hereditary hyperekplexia. These mutations impair agonist affinities and change conductance states of expressed mutant channels, resulting in a partial loss of function. In a recessive case of hyperekplexia, we found a deletion of exons 1-6 of the GLRA1(More)
  • H Engels, A Brockschmidt, A Hoischen, C Landwehr, K Bosse, C Walldorf +5 others
  • 2007
OBJECTIVE Because in most patients with mental retardation (MR), who constitute 2 to 3% of the population, the etiology remains unknown, we wanted to identify novel chromosomal candidate regions and genes associated with the MR phenotype. METHODS We screened for microimbalances in 60 clinically well-characterized patients with unexplained MR mostly(More)
A human hippocampus cDNA library was screened with a probe obtained from degenerate RT-PCR aimed at P2Y-homologous sequences. A positive clone, designated hip4, was identified containing an open reading frame of 1,020 bp that had been previously detected in a published genomic clone called R12. Subsequent screening of a human fetal brain cDNA library(More)
In this study, we performed an in-depth analysis of the neurologic and ophthalmologic phenotype in a patient with Pitt-Hopkins syndrome (PTHS), a disorder characterized by severe mental and motor retardation, carrying a uniallelic TCF4 deletion, and studied a zebrafish model. The PTHS-patient was characterized by high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging(More)
Gangliogliomas are generally benign neuroepithelial tumors composed of dysplastic neuronal and neoplastic glial elements. We screened 61 gangliogliomas [World Health Organization (WHO) grade I] for genomic alterations by chromosomal and array-based comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). Aberrations were detected in 66% of gangliogliomas (mean +/- SEM =(More)
Pitt-Hopkins syndrome (PHS) is a rare syndromic mental disorder, which is mainly characterized by severe motor and mental retardation including absent language development, a characteristic facial gestalt and episodes of hyperventilation. We report on a female patient with PHS showing severe mental retardation with absent speech, pronounced muscular(More)
A1 adenosine receptors were labeled in rat brain sections with the antagonist [3H]8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine ([3H]DPCPX) and visualized at the light microscopic level using autoradiography. The specific binding of [3H]DPCPX to the sections showed the pharmacological characteristics of A1 adenosine receptors and was accompanied by very low levels of(More)
Using comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) we have previously identified amplification at 17q21-qter as a common aberration in anaplastic meningiomas but not in atypical or benign meningiomas (19). To define the amplified genomic region, we analyzed 44 meningeal tumors, including 7 benign meningiomas of World Health Organization (WHO) grade 1,19 atypical(More)
Malignant gliomas frequently show genetic aberrations of genes coding for cell cycle regulatory proteins involved in the control of G1/S phase transition. These include mutation and/or deletion of the retinoblastoma (RB1) gene, homozygous deletion of the CDKN2A and CDKN2B genes, as well as amplification and overexpression of the CDK4 and CDK6 genes. The(More)
Cerebral gliomas of World Health Organization (WHO) grade II and III represent a major challenge in terms of histological classification and clinical management. Here, we asked whether large-scale genomic and transcriptomic profiling improves the definition of prognostically distinct entities. We performed microarray-based genome- and transcriptome-wide(More)