Ruthild G. Weber

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About one-third of sporadic basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) of the skin and 10-15% of primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) of the central nervous system show mutations in the PTCH tumor suppressor gene. The PTCH gene product (Ptch) functions as a transmembrane receptor for the Sonic hedgehog protein (Shh) and interacts with another transmembrane protein(More)
The neuronal glycine receptor is a ligand-gated chloride channel composed of ligand binding alpha and structural beta polypeptides. Homology screening of a human fetal brain cDNA library resulted in the identification of two alternative splice variants of the glycine receptor alpha3 subunit. The amino acid sequence predicted for the alpha3L variant was(More)
Nineteen benign [World Health Organization (WHO) grade I; MI], 21 atypical (WHO grade II; MII), and 19 anaplastic (WHO grade III; MIII) sporadic meningiomas were screened for chromosomal imbalances by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). These data were supplemented by molecular genetic analyses of selected chromosomal regions and genes. With increasing(More)
Pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma (PXA) is a rare, usually well-circumscribed and superficially located neoplasm that preferentially arises in the cerebral cortex of children and young adults. The molecular aberrations that are associated with these tumors have not been studied systematically so far. We here report on a molecular genetic analysis of 62 PXAs (46(More)
Gliosarcoma is a variant of glioblastoma multiforme characterized by two components displaying gliomatous or sarcomatous differentiation. We investigated 38 gliosarcomas for aberrations of tumor-suppressor genes and proto-oncogenes that are commonly altered in glioblastomas. Amplification of CDK4, MDM2, EGFR, and PDGFRA were found in 11% (4/35), 8% (3/38),(More)
Pitt-Hopkins syndrome (PHS) is a rare syndromic mental disorder, which is mainly characterized by severe motor and mental retardation including absent language development, a characteristic facial gestalt and episodes of hyperventilation. We report on a female patient with PHS showing severe mental retardation with absent speech, pronounced muscular(More)
Chordoid glioma of the third ventricle was recently reported as a novel tumor entity of the central nervous system with characteristic clinical and histopathological features (Brat et al., J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 57: 283-290, 1998). Here, we report on a histopathological, immunohistochemical and molecular genetic analysis of five cases of this rare(More)
Genomic alterations associated with glioma progression were determined by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) 30 tumors from 15 patients with primary gliomas of World Health Organization (WHO) grade II that on recurrence showed progression to malignant gliomas of WHO grades III or IV (five cases of astrocytoma grade II (A II) to grade III (AA III), five(More)
The molecular pathogenesis of pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma (PXA), a rare astrocytic brain tumor with a relatively favorable prognosis, is still poorly understood. We characterized 50 PXAs by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) and found the most common imbalance to be loss on chromosome 9 in 50% of tumors. Other recurrent losses affected chromosomes 17(More)
The PTEN (MMAC1) gene, which has been identified as a tumor suppressor gene at 10q23.3, is mutated in multiple malignant tumors, including glioblastomas [J. Li et al., Science (Washington DC), 275: 1943-1947, 1997; P. A. Steck et al., Nat. Genet., 15: 356-362, 1997]. Among tumors of the central nervous system, loss of 10q is not restricted to glioblastomas(More)