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PURPOSE Although cannabinoid receptor expression has been demonstrated in human brain and other peripheral neuronal tissues, definitive expression of these receptors in the human bladder has not been reported. Consequently we investigated the expression of functional cannabinoid 1 and 2 receptors in human bladder detrusor and urothelium. MATERIALS AND(More)
Truncated forms of glucagon-like peptide-1 (tGLP-1) are potent endogenous stimuli of insulin secretion from pancreatic beta cells and have powerful antidiabetogenic effects. In the present study we sought to determine the precise regions of the tGLP-1 receptor (R) that are required for its efficient coupling to the adenylyl cyclase (AC) system since it is(More)
The mouse NKR-P1 family includes at least three genes: NKR-P1A, -B, -C. Neither surface expression nor function of the NKR-P1B gene product has previously been shown. Here, we demonstrate that the SJL/J allele of the NKR-P1B gene product is expressed on SJL/J NK cells, and is recognized by PK136 mAb. Interestingly, the same mAb does not recognize the(More)
We have used flow cytometry to study the stability and peptide-binding capability of MHC class I (MHC-I) on the surface of normal C57BL/6 mouse T lymphoblasts. The MHC-I molecules on each cell are nearly evenly divided into two populations with mean half-life values of approximately 1 and 20 h. Our observations suggest that members of the later contain(More)
Exposure of primary T cell blasts to stress in the forms of heat, hydrogen peroxide, or high-density growth conditions resulted in a state of enhanced susceptibility to killing by syngeneic IL-2-activated NK cells or lymphokine-activated killer cells, but not to killing by CTL. Cytotoxicity was perforin mediated and was not due to decreased target(More)
IL-10 has proved to be a key cytokine in regulating inflammatory responses by controlling the production and function of various other cytokines. The suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) gene products are a family of cytoplasmic molecules that are essential mediators for negatively regulating cytokine signaling. It has been previously shown that IL-10(More)
We have investigated the capacity of human MHC class I HLA-B gene products, HLA-B27, -B7 (fully human), and -B7kb (human-mouse hybrid consisting of the alpha1 and alpha2 domains of HLA-B7, and the alpha3 and cytoplasmic domains of mouse H-2Kb), expressed on mouse NK cells during ontogeny to influence NK recognition of otherwise syngeneic mouse target cells.(More)
NK recognition and lysis of targets are mediated by activation receptor(s) whose effects may be over-ridden by inhibitory receptors recognizing class I MHC on the target. Incubation of normal lymphoblasts with a peptide that can bind to their class I MHC renders them sensitive to lysis by syngeneic NK cells. By binding to class I MHC, the peptide alters or(More)
NK-mediated cytotoxicity involves two families of receptors: activating receptors that trigger lysis of the target cells being recognized and inhibitory receptors specific primarily for MHC I on the target cell surface that can override the activating signal. MHC I molecules on the cell surface can be classified into molecules made stable by the binding of(More)