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A rapid and sensitive assay for pyridinium oximes in plasma and tissue was developed. The method was suitable for the analysis of mono- and di-pyridinium oximes and utilizes ultrafiltration followed by cation-exchange high-performance liquid chromatography with UV detection. The assay was originally developed for the measurement of the oxime MMB-4 in plasma(More)
Utilizing our previously reported in silico pharmacophore model for reactivation efficacy of oximes, we present here a discovery of twelve new non-oxime reactivators of diisopropylfluorophosphate (DFP)-inhibited acetylcholinesterase (AChE) obtained through virtual screening of an in-house compound database. Rate constant (kr) efficacy values of the(More)
The toxicity of organophosphorous (OP) nerve agents is attributed to their irreversible inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), which leads to excessive accumulation of acetylcholine (ACh) and is followed by the release of excitatory amino acids (EAA). EAAs sustain seizure activity and induce neuropathology due to over-stimulation of N-methyl-d-aspartate(More)
We developed a rat pilocarpine seizure/status epilepticus (SE) model, which closely resembles 1.6-2.0 x LD50 soman exposure, to analyse the molecular mechanism of neuronal damage and to screen effective neuroprotectants against cholinergic agonist and chemical warfare nerve agent (CWNA) exposure. Rats implanted with radiotelemetry probes capable of(More)
Novel therapeutics to overcome the toxic effects of organophosphorus (OP) chemical agents are needed due to the documented use of OPs in warfare (e.g. 1980-1988 Iran/Iraq war) and terrorism (e.g. 1995 Tokyo subway attacks). Standard OP exposure therapy in the United States consists of atropine sulfate (to block muscarinic receptors), the(More)
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