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Functional Gly482Ser (rs8192678) and G/C (rs4253778) polymorphisms in the Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator1 (PPARGC1A) and Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) genes, respectively, have been associated with mRNA and protein activity. The aim of this study was to determine their frequency distribution among(More)
An Alu insertion (I)/deletion (D) polymorphism in the angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) gene has been associated with ACE activity. Opposing effects on elite athletic performance have been proposed for the I and D alleles; while the D allele favours improved endurance ability, the I allele promotes more power-orientated events. We tested this hypothesis(More)
Unaccustomed exercise may cause muscle breakdown with marked increase in serum creatine kinase (CK) activity. The skeletal muscle renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays an important role in exercise metabolism and tissue injury. A functional insertion (I)/deletion (D) polymorphism in the angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) gene (rs4646994) has been(More)
Exertional rhabdomyolysis is a complex and poorly understood entity. The inflammatory system has an important role in muscle injury and repair. Serum creatine kinase (CK) is often used as systemic biomarker representing muscle damage. Considerable variation exists in CK response between different subjects. Genetic elements may act as predisposition factors(More)
A functional C825T polymorphism in the human guanine nucleotide binding protein beta polypeptide 3 (GNB3) gene has been associated with enhanced G protein activation. Since reports regarding the interaction between physical activity and the GNB3 C825T polymorphism are limited and inconsistent, the aim of this study was to determine the frequency of C825T(More)
REDUCED ACTIVITY OF THE POTENT ANABOLIC EFFECTORS insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2), play a role in aging associated muscle loss. The effect of fitness level on IGF-I and FGF-2 responses to all-out anaerobic exercise in older men was studied. Twenty four healthy older males: 12 higher fit (58 ± 1y) and 12 lower fit(More)
The p50 subunit of NF-kappaB is generated by limited processing of the precursor p105. IkappaB kinase-mediated phosphorylation of the C-terminal domain of p105 recruits the SCF(beta-TrCP) ubiquitin ligase, resulting in rapid ubiquitination and subsequent processing/degradation of p105. NEDD8 is known to activate SCF ligases following modification of their(More)
OBJECTIVES Angiotensin II plays a key role in the pathophysiology of heart failure (HF). This study examined the angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) polymorphism in patients with systolic HF and its relation to clinical manifestations and patient outcome. METHODS We genotyped 134 patients with HF and reduced systolic function for the AT1R A1166C(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated the effects of long-term beta-blocker treatment on the balance between oxygen delivery and extraction at peak oxygen uptake (VO2) and at target heart rate training (anaerobic threshold). METHODS Fifteen patients with coronary artery disease performed paired peak cardiopulmonary and submaximal exercise tests on a cycle ergometer with(More)
BACKGROUND Serum oxidative stress (OS) level has an important role in the inflammatory process of heart failure. HYPOTHESIS The study was designed to analyze serum OS levels in chronic heart failure (HF) patients and to examine the relation between OS levels and other clinical and prognostic parameters of HF. METHODS We studied 82 consecutive chronic(More)