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The motility of cilia and flagella is powered by dynein ATPases associated with outer doublet microtubules. However, a flagellar kinesin-like protein that may function as a motor associates with the central pair complex. We determined that Chlamydomonas reinhardtii central pair kinesin Klp1 is a phosphoprotein and, like conventional kinesins, binds to(More)
Serotonin (5HT) plays major roles in the physiological regulation of many behavioral processes, including sleep, feeding, and mood, but the genetic mechanisms by which serotonergic neurons arise during development are poorly understood. In the present study, we have investigated the development of serotonergic neurons in the zebrafish. Neurons exhibiting(More)
We previously found that a mutation at the ODA7 locus in Chlamydomonas prevents axonemal outer row dynein assembly by blocking association of heavy chains and intermediate chains in the cytoplasm. We have now cloned the ODA7 locus by walking in the Chlamydomonas genome from nearby molecular markers, confirmed the identity of the gene by rescuing the mutant(More)
BACKGROUND The male-specific lethal (MSL) complex of Drosophila remodels the chromatin of the X chromosome in males to enhance the level of transcription of most X-linked genes, and thereby achieve dosage compensation. The core complex consists of five proteins and one of two non-coding RNAs. One of the proteins, MOF (males absent on the first), is a(More)
PURPOSE To isolate and characterize the rhodopsin cDNA from the fish, Astyanax fasciatus, and to determine the effect of tyrosine 261 on its spectral tuning. METHODS The rhodopsin cDNA was cloned using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction amplification and then sequenced. A mutant, Y261F, was generated by site-directed mutagenesis. Both wild(More)
Vertebrate opsins are divided into four major groups: RH1 (rhodopsins), RH2 (rhodopsinlike with various absorption sensitivities), SWS (short-wavelength sensitive), and LWS/MWS (long and middle-wavelength sensitive) groups. The green opsin genes (g101Af and g103Af) in a Mexican characin Astyanax fasciatus belong to the LWS/MWS group, whereas those in(More)
Neurotrophins are critical for neuronal development, plasticity, and survival. Ethanol affects these processes. We tested the hypothesis that ethanol inhibits nerve growth factor (NGF)-stimulated gene expression. Dissociated cultures of fetal cortical neurons were treated with NGF and/or ethanol. NGF sustained cell viability and reduced the incidence of(More)
The regulatory mechanism of dosage compensation is the paramount example of epigenetic regulation at the chromosomal level. In Drosophila, this mechanism, designed to compensate for the difference in the dosage of X-linked genes between the sexes, depends on the MSL complex that enhances the transcription of the single dose of these genes in males. We have(More)
Although dorsal and caudal fin deformities (curvature), abnormal body color patterns, and fluctuating asymmetry of meristic characters have been previously reported for white-spotted charr (Salvelinus leucomaenis), the incidence of skeletally deformed individuals in the wild are extremely rare. Here, we report on skeletally deformed individuals of(More)
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