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Mouse molybdo-flavoenzymes consist of xanthine oxidoreductase, aldehyde oxidase (AOX1), and two recently identified proteins, AOH1 and AOH2 (aldehyde oxidase homologues 1 and 2). Here we demonstrate that CD-1, C57BL/6, 129/Sv, and other mouse strains synthesize high levels of AOH1 in the liver and AOH2 in the skin. By contrast, the DBA/2 and CBA strains are(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish whether single daily oral doses of oleoyl-estrone result in dose-dependent slimming effects on normal weight rats, and to determine the changes in energy parameters induced by this treatment. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES The effects of a daily oral gavage of oleoyl-estrone (0, 0.2, 0.5, 1, 2, 5, 10, and 20 micromol/kg per day) in(More)
Young female rats of 160-180 g were implanted with osmotic minipumps releasing 3.0 micromol/day per kg of oleoyl-oestrone in liposomes (Merlin-2) into the bloodstream for up to 14 days. Merlin-2 induced a loss of appetite in the first days, later recovered, and a decrease in body weight of 7%, which contrasts with the 15% increase in controls during the(More)
The effects of a diet with goat milk "GM" or milk replacer "MR" on the meat quality and fat composition of suckling Murciano-Granadina kids were studied. MR consisted of powdered skimmed milk, coconut oil and fat, and cereal products and by-products. Raw meat quality (moisture, protein, lipids, ash, collagen, cholesterol, haem pigments, CIELab colour, pH(More)
To determine the effects of oleoyl-estrone treatment on the lactating dams and on the growth pattern of developing rats, female Wistar rats were randomly divided into two groups after delivery. One group received a daily gavage of 0.2 mL sunflower oil containing 10 micromol oleoyl-estrone/kg (treated group) and the other received a daily intragastric gavage(More)
Oleoyl-estrone (OE) induces a marked loss of body fat in rats by maintaining energy expenditure, body protein and blood glucose despite decreasing food intake. OE increases glucocorticoids, but they arrest OE lipid-mobilization. We studied here whether OE induces a direct effect on adrenal glands function as part of this feedback regulation. Dietary(More)
Oleoyl-estrone (OE) is a powerful anti-obesity compound that decreases food intake, decreases insulin resistance and circulating cholesterol. OE stimulates a severe loss of body fat by decreasing adipose tissue lipid synthesis and maintaining lipolysis. Therefore, the body economy loses lipid energy because energy expenditure is maintained. This study(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS There is ample consensus that there is a neurophysiological basis for eating disorders (ED). Traits of personality translate into behavioral traits, purging being a well-defined transversal example. The direct implication of steroid hormones on ED has seldom been studied, despite their effects on behavior. METHODS After psychological(More)
The present study was devised to determine whether the circulating levels of estrone fatty esters are modified by 6-48 h starvation in the rat, in parallel to changes in fat reserves, as a test to check the plausibility of its function as a ponderostat signal in the mammal. Food deprivation resulted in a decrease in glucose and triacylglycerols, rapid(More)
Female adult 9-week old Wistar rats were implanted with osmotic minipumps releasing for 14 days a liposome suspension (controls) loaded with oleoyl-estrone or other compounds of the Merlin series: estrone, estradiol, oleoyl-estradiol, oleoyl-DHEA, stearoyl-estrone, palmitoyl-estrone, oleoyl-diethylstilbestrol (DES), estrone oleoyl-ether and(More)