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This study explores the fMRI correlates of observers making trait inferences about other people under conflicting social cues. Participants were presented with several behavioral descriptions involving an agent that implied a particular trait. The last behavior was either consistent or inconsistent with the previously implied trait. This was done under(More)
This fMRI study analyzes inferences on other persons' traits, whereby half of the participants were given spontaneous ("read") instructions while the other half were given intentional ("infer the person's trait") instructions. Several sentences described the behavior of a target person from which a strong trait could be inferred (trait diagnostic) or not(More)
To investigate the hypothesis that in multilingual speakers different languages are represented in distinct brain regions, 12 multilingual right-handed men performed a word fluency task, a picture naming task, a comprehension reading task, and their respective control tasks in three languages (Dutch, French, and English) while whole-head functional magnetic(More)
Although many neuroimaging studies have considered verbal and visual short-term memory (STM) as relying on neurally segregated short-term buffer systems, the present study explored the existence of shared neural correlates supporting verbal and visual STM. We hypothesized that networks involved in attentional and executive processes, as well as networks(More)
Mental rotation tests traditionally show a male performance advantage. Some neuroimaging studies have reported sex-specific cortical activation patterns during mental rotation. However, these experiments used abstract stimuli and some studies did not systematically exclude performance as a confounding variable. The mental rotation of hands and hand-related(More)
The role of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) in cognition has been extensively investigated with several techniques, including single-unit recordings in rodents and monkeys and EEG and fMRI in humans. This has generated a rich set of data and points of view. Important theoretical functions proposed for ACC are value estimation, error detection,(More)
In order to choose the best action for maximizing fitness, mammals can estimate the reward expectations (value) linked to available actions based on past environmental outcomes. Value updates are performed by comparing the current value with the actual environmental outcomes (prediction error). The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) has been shown to be(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to evaluate the benefit of 3 T compared with 1.5 T during presurgical functional magnetic resonance imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS Six participants performed a motor, a visual, and 2 language paradigms both at 1.5 and 3 T. The number of activated voxels, mean t-value, and assessment of language dominancy were compared between both(More)
OBJECTIVES This study aimed to investigate whether different types of memory stimulus provide different information during the Wada or intracarotid amytal procedure (IAP) in patients with refractory medial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE). METHODS Eighty nine surgical candidates with documented MTLE and selected for left hemispheric language dominance(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify neural networks associated with the use of a mirror to superimpose movement of 1 hand on top of a nonmoving contralateral hand (often referred to as mirror therapy or mirror-induced visual illusion). DESIGN A functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study of mirror-induced visual illusion of hand movements using a blocked design(More)