Ruth Schindler

Learn More
BACKGROUND The purpose of this work was to further define the value of cardiac 31P magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy for patients with coronary artery disease and dilated cardiomyopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS Blood-corrected and T1-corrected 31P MR spectra of anteroseptal myocardium were obtained at rest using image-selected in vivo spectroscopy(More)
AIMS Up to 50% of patients with heart failure (HF) may suffer from severe cognitive impairment (SCI), but longitudinal studies are sparse, and effects of changes in HF severity on cognitive function are unknown. Therefore, we assessed the prevalence of SCI in HF patients, its relationship with HF severity, its effects on morbidity and mortality, and the(More)
CONTEXT It is uncertain whether intensified heart failure therapy guided by N-terminal brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is superior to symptom-guided therapy. OBJECTIVE To compare 18-month outcomes of N-terminal BNP-guided vs symptom-guided heart failure therapy. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS Randomized controlled multicenter Trial of Intensified vs(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the management of elderly patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) although they represent the majority of the CHF population. Therefore, the TIME-CHF study was set up (1) to evaluate the medical management of very old patients (> or = 75 years) with CHF compared with younger patients (60-74 years), (2) to compare an(More)
BACKGROUND Secondary erythrocytosis results in increased shear stress in cyanotic congenital heart disease (CCHD), which may modify the balance between vasodilators and vasoconstrictors and affect systemic endothelial function. Because no data are available on systemic vasomotion, systemic endothelial function and nitric oxide (NO) availability were(More)
The accuracy of quantifying the degree of vascular stenosis with color Doppler flow imaging (7.5-MHz, linear array system) was determined in an experimental study carried out on six concentric and five eccentric model stenoses (cross-sectional area reduction, 13.4%-93.8%). The measurements were made with use of pulsatile flow at four different flow rates(More)
Sildenafil inhibits cGMP breakdown by phosphodiesterase 5. In vitro, increased cGMP levels inhibit cAMP breakdown by phosphodiesterase 3. It is uncertain, however, whether sildenafil increases biological effects of interventions increasing cAMP levels in vivo. The objective of the present study in 40 healthy male volunteers was to determine the existence(More)
AIMS Elderly heart failure (HF) patients are assumed to prefer improved quality of life over longevity, but sufficient data are lacking. Therefore, we assessed the willingness to trade survival time for quality-of-life (QoL) and the preferences for resuscitation. METHODS AND RESULTS At baseline and after 12 and 18 months, 622 HF patients aged ≥60 years(More)
31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) was used to study an open therapeutic trial of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ) in mitochondrial encephalomyopathies. Eight patients were treated with 150 mg CoQ per day for 6 months. 31P MRS spectra of calf muscle were recorded at rest, during exercise and in the immediate postexercise recovery period. Although there was an(More)
T1 values of phosphorus metabolites visible in human cardiac 31P-MR spectra were determined in 12 volunteers at 1.5 T. Consecutive spectra were acquired with varying pulse repetition time (TR) from 1.6 to 24 s; volume selection was achieved with ISIS. T1's of creatine phosphate (CP), [gamma-P], [alpha-P], and [beta-P]ATP, 2-3 diphosphoglycerate, and(More)