Ruth S. Prichard

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Changes in serum albumin may reflect systemic immunoinflammation and hypermetabolism in response to insults such as trauma and sepsis. Esophagectomy is associated with a major metabolic stress, and the aim of this study was to determine if the absolute albumin level on the first postoperative day was of value in predicting in-hospital complications. A(More)
Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare but aggressive malignancy with a poor prognosis. Complete surgical resection offers the only potential for cure; however, even after apparently successful excision, local or metastatic recurrence is frequent. Treatment options for advanced ACC are severely limited. Mitotane is the only recognized adrenolytic therapy(More)
P-Glycoprotein (P-GP) is a transport protein that participates in the mechanism of active secretion of different molecules from the bloodstream to the gastrointestinal tract. The aim of the current work was to evaluate the effect of verapamil, a P-GP substrate, on the pharmacokinetic behaviour of the anthelmintics ivermectin and moxidectin in sheep.(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of malignant melanoma is rising; it now has an incidence of ten per 100 000 per annum in the UK. The development of metastases is unpredictable, but prognosis is linked directly to the initial stage at diagnosis. Positron emission tomography (PET) can allow the detection of malignant cells at a relatively early stage. METHODS A(More)
Pheochromocytomas (PCCs) and paragangliomas (PGLs) are rare catecholamine-secreting tumors derived from chromaffin cells originating in the neural crest. These tumors represent a significant diagnostic and therapeutic challenge because the diagnosis of malignancy is frequently made in retrospect by the development of metastatic or recurrent disease.(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to determine whether instructing surgical trainees in technically demanding procedures causes alterations in heart rate variability (HRV) and mental strain in supervising surgeons. METHODS A prospective study of HRV in two consultant surgeons and three endocrine surgical fellows undertaking 50 total thyroidectomy(More)
BACKGROUND Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) has become the gold standard for axillary staging. Debate remains as to the optimal method of SLN detection. OBJECTIVES Determine whether patients undergoing an SLNB required the addition of isosulfan blue dye to radioisotope when an SLN was identified on a preoperative lymphoscintigram. METHODS A prospective(More)
Iliopsoas abscesses are relatively rare clinical entities. They present with subtle and non-specific symptoms and as a result the diagnosis is often delayed, leading to significant morbidity and mortality. With an increasing number of immunocompromised patients in the population the prevalence of this condition is set to rise. Therefore, early diagnosis and(More)
The use of surgical drains in patients undergoing thyroid surgery is standard surgical teaching. Life-threatening complications, arising from post-operative haematomas, mandates their utilization. There is increasing evidence to suggest that this is an outdated practice. This paper determines whether thyroid surgery can be safely performed without the(More)