Ruth R. Kipping

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OBJECTIVE To investigate the effectiveness of a school based intervention to increase physical activity, reduce sedentary behaviour, and increase fruit and vegetable consumption in children. DESIGN Cluster randomised controlled trial. SETTING 60 primary schools in the south west of England. PARTICIPANTS Primary school children who were in school year(More)
BACKGROUND Low levels of physical activity, high levels of sedentary behaviour and low levels of fruit and vegetable consumption are common in children and are associated with adverse health outcomes. The aim of this paper is to describe the protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT) designed to evaluate a school-based intervention that aims(More)
BACKGROUND Patterns of risk behaviour during teenage years may vary by socio-economic status (SES). We aimed to examine possible associations between individual and multiple risk behaviours and three measures of SES in mid-adolescence. METHODS The sample (n = 6406) comprised participants from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a UK birth(More)
BACKGROUND The Active For Life Year 5 (AFLY5) randomised controlled trial protocol was published in this journal in 2011. It provided a summary analysis plan. This publication is an update of that protocol and provides a detailed analysis plan. UPDATE This update provides a detailed analysis plan of the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the AFLY5(More)
BACKGROUND Systematic reviews have highlighted that school-based diet and physical activity (PA) interventions have had limited effects. This study used qualitative methods to examine how the effectiveness of future primary (elementary) school diet and PA interventions could be improved. METHODS Data are from the Active For Life Year 5 (AFLY5) study,(More)
BACKGROUND Active for Life Year 5 (AFLY5) is an educational programme for Year 5 children (aged 9-10) designed to increase children's physical activity, decrease sedentary behaviour and increase fruit and vegetable intake. This paper reports findings from a process evaluation embedded within a randomised controlled trial evaluating the programme's(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the prevalence of engagement in self-asphyxial (risk-taking) behaviour (SAB) ('choking game') and associated morbidity and mortality in children and young people up to age 20. DESIGN Systematic literature review. SEARCH STRATEGY Electronic database search of MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, PubMed, Web of Science Core Collection,(More)
INTRODUCTION Systematic reviews have identified the lack of intervention studies with young children to prevent obesity. This feasibility study examines the feasibility and acceptability of adapting the Nutrition and Physical Activity Self-Assessment for Child Care (NAP SACC) intervention in the UK to inform a full-scale trial. METHODS AND ANALYSIS A(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the long-term effectiveness of a school-based intervention to improve physical activity and diet in children. DESIGN Cluster-randomised controlled trial. SETTING 60 primary schools in the southwest of England. PARTICIPANTS Primary school children who were aged 8-9 years at recruitment, 9-10 years during the intervention and(More)
BACKGROUND Active for life year 5 (AFLY5) is a school-based intervention, based on social cognitive theory, which aims to promote healthy levels of physical activity and healthy eating by improving a child's self-efficacy to make healthy choices, their knowledge of how to make such choices and prompting parents to support their children to make healthy(More)