Ruth Popa-Wagner

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Disassembly of the nuclear lamina is essential in mitosis and apoptosis requiring multiple coordinated enzymatic activities in nucleus and cytoplasm. Activation and coordination of the different activities is poorly understood and moreover complicated as some factors translocate between cytoplasm and nucleus in preparatory phases. Here we used the ability(More)
Adeno-associated virus (AAV) capsid assembly requires expression of the assembly-activating protein (AAP) together with capsid proteins VP1, VP2, and VP3. AAP is encoded by an alternative open reading frame of the cap gene. Sequence analysis and site-directed mutagenesis revealed that AAP contains two hydrophobic domains in the N-terminal part of the(More)
Adeno-associated viruses (AAVs) are small single-stranded DNA viruses that can package and deliver nongenomic DNA for therapeutic gene delivery. AAV8, a liver-tropic vector, has shown great promise for the treatment of hemophilia A and B. However, as with other AAV vectors, host anti-capsid immune responses are a deterrent to therapeutic success. To(More)
Adeno-associated virus type 2 (AAV2) has gained much interest as a gene delivery vector. A hallmark of AAV2-mediated gene transfer is an intracellular conformational change of the virus capsid, leading to the exposure of infection-relevant protein domains. These protein domains, which are located on the N-terminal portion of the structural proteins VP1 and(More)
Many pathogens, including viruses, bacteria, as well as bacterial toxins, enter their target cells by endocytosis leading to accumulation of pathogenic and cellular proteins in endosomes. Here, we present detailed experimental instructions on isolation of endosomes after virus infection and their subsequent biomolecular characterization. The isolation of(More)
Vectors based on adeno-associated virus serotype 2 (AAV2) belong to today's most promising and most frequently used viral vectors in human gene therapy. Like in many other vector systems, the broad but non-specific tropism limits their use for certain cell types or tissues. One approach to screen for transduction-improved vectors is the selection of random(More)
Adeno-associated virus (AAV) capsid assembly occurs in the nucleus. Newly synthesized capsid proteins VP1, VP2 and VP3 contain several basic regions (BRs), which may act as nuclear localization signals (NLSs). Mutation of BR2 and BR3, located at the VP1 and VP2 N termini, marginally reduced nuclear uptake of VP1 or VP2, but not of VP3, when expressed in the(More)
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