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A randomised double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of high-dose, pulsed intravenous methylprednisolone was carried out in 50 individuals with multiple sclerosis; 22 patients were in acute relapse and 28 had chronic progressive disease. After a baseline assessment using the Kurtzke functional and expanded disability status scales each patient was randomly(More)
Glucocorticoids (GCs) compromise the ability of hippocampal neurons to survive various insults, and do so, at least in part, by exacerbating steps in the glutamate/N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)/calcium cascade of damage. As evidence, GCs impair uptake of glutamate by hippocampal astrocytes, the GC endangerment of the hippocampus is NMDA receptor dependent,(More)
The relationship between trabecular thinning and loss of connectedness of the trabecular bone pattern has been studied in iliac crest bone samples from 89 normal subjects in order to determine the structural mechanisms underlying age-related bone loss. Trabecular width and structure were quantitatively assessed using computerized techniques. Highly(More)
Eight histopathologists, based at different hospitals, who had previously examined 100 consecutive colposcopic cervical biopsies were circulated with the results of the initial study. The slides were then 'reblinded' and re-examined by the pathologists who, as before, assigned them into one of six diagnostic categories. The degree of interpathologist(More)
In 73 patients with drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy submitted to an unilateral anterior temporal lobectomy the radiographs were studied to see if there were any correlation with the pathology subsequently found and with the outcome of the operation. A small middle cranial fossa, focal calcification, and temporal horn displacement are often better(More)
Medical records of 363 patients who had a diagnosis of lumbar disc disease and were managed by a posterior approach lumbar discectomy over a 7 year period were reviewed: 33 patients had a preoperative diagnosis of diabetes, an incidence in this patient population of 9.1%. The results for these 33 patients who had a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus were(More)
The capacity of patients with cerebral lesions to copy a picture of a cube, as opposed to a nonrepresentational figure of similar structural complexity, was examined. Patients with copying disability showed greater impairment for the cube than the noncube whereas patients without copying impairment and controls performed equally on the two figures. It was(More)
The relationship between salt intake and blood pressure was explored in three different areas of Northern Kashmir, where people consume large quantities of salt in tea. Six villages were selected from each area and all the available family members of every second or third house were studied. Food and salt were weighed and the intake of each family member(More)
Bromocriptine is widely used in the treatment of hyperprolactinaemia. It has also been shown to be effective in reducing the size of large pituitary tumours, particularly those secreting prolactin. We describe CSF rhinorrhoea in two such patients during treatment with bromocriptine and believe that this complication developed as a result of contraction of(More)