Ruth Leslie

Learn More
OBJECTIVE The results of the Women's Health Initiative led to a sharp decline in postmenopausal hormone therapy use. Subsequently, treatment guidelines were revised to recommend hormone therapy at the lowest effective dose for the shortest possible duration. The objective of this analysis was to assess trends in nationwide hormone therapy prescription(More)
Compliance, adherence, and persistence are outcomes easily measured in pharmacy claims databases. However, these measures are often interchanged and calculated differently. The research community should settle on a common set of definitions and methods. This paper briefly explains compliance and persistence terminology and methods commonly used in(More)
Assessing duration of medication therapy involves managing a data set with multiple observations per subject. This paper offers an innovative approach to calculating medication utilization as the proportion of days supplied over a specified time period. In this paper, the TRANSPOSE procedure, ARRAY statements, and DO loops are used to create multiple(More)
The Veress needle is the most commonly used technique for creating the pneumoperitoneum at the start of a laparoscopic surgical procedure. Inserting the Veress needle correctly is crucial since errors can cause significant harm to patients. Unfortunately, this technique can be difficult to teach since surgeons rely heavily on tactile feedback while(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to identify rates and predictors of psychotropic medication polypharmacy among Medicaid-eligible children in South Carolina with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) from 2000 to 2008. METHODS Population-based surveillance data were linked with state Medicaid records to obtain a detailed demographic, behavioral,(More)
New York State has had a mandatory incident reporting system in place since 1985. The current system, the New York Patient Occurrence Reporting and Tracking System (NYPORTS), was implemented in 1998 pursuant to New York State Public Health Law Section 2805-l, Incident Reporting. NYPORTS is a secure Web-based system that simplifies reporting, coordinates(More)
BACKGROUND The Centers for Medicare Medicaid Services (CMS) Plan Quality and Performance Program, or Star Ratings Program, allows Medicare beneficiaries to compare quality of care among available Medicare Advantage prescription drug (MA-PD) plans and stand-alone prescription drug plans (PDPs). Health plans have increased intervention efforts and applied(More)
Objectives: In June 2000, the New York State Department of Health (NYSDOH) expanded its New York Patient Occurrence Reporting and Tracking System (NYPORTS) mandatory adverse event reporting system to include the reporting of medication errors. The errors included were those that resulted in a severity of patient harm that met the National Coordinating(More)