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The failure of long descending pathways to regenerate after spinal cord injury (SCI) is generally attributed to inhibitory proteins associated with the glial scar and myelin, or to the loss of neurons' intrinsic capacity to grow, or both. Here, we describe the use of hydrogels as a novel way to deliver molecules that promote axon growth in the injured CNS(More)
The method of ultrasonic examination of the hip is described, the latest updated Graf classification is explained, and the results of a prospective screening program are described. One thousand four hundred and sixty newborn infants were examined by ultrasound and clinically by independent observers. The distribution of the ultrasound types was determined.(More)
Proteoglycans are a major component of extracellular matrix and contribute to normal embryonic and postnatal development by ensuring tissue stability and signaling functions. We studied five patients with recessive joint dislocations and congenital heart defects, including bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) and aortic root dilatation. We identified linkage to(More)
Iodine induced thyroid involution is caused by apoptosis rather than necrosis. This effect of iodide on apoptosis of thyroid epithelial cells may be not a direct one but mediated by iodinated derivatives i.e. of polyunsaturated fatty acids, especially of iodolactones, which have previously shown to inhibit thyroid cell proliferation. We studied the(More)
Spondylo-meta-epiphyseal dysplasia (SMED) with short limbs and abnormal calcifications (SMED-SL) is a rare, autosomal recessive human growth disorder, characterized by disproportionate short stature, short limbs, short broad fingers, abnormal metaphyses and epiphyses, platyspondyly and premature calcifications. Recently, three missense mutations and one(More)
This study correlates whole organ measurements of intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) with hormone-induced (epinephrine, vasopressin) changes of liver functions (glucose release, K(+) balance and bile flow). [Ca(2+)](i) was measured in the isolated perfused rat liver using the sensor Fura-2 and applying liver surface fluorescence spectroscopy.(More)
By osmotic lysis in the presence of urea ghosts (60–100 nmol catecholamine/mg prot.) were prepared from chromaffin granules (4–6 μmol catecholamine/mg prot.) of the bovine adrenal medulla. In the presence of 1–300 μmol/l3H-catecholamine and ATP-Mg2+, ghosts show a net uptake of catecholamine. The net uptake is sensitive to reserpine or agents (uncouplers(More)
Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) often present as liver metastasis from a carcinoma of unknown primary. We recently showed that primary NETs from the pancreas, small intestine and stomach as well as their respective liver metastases differ from each other by the expression profile of the three genes CD302, PPWD1 and ABHB14B. The gene and(More)
There is growing evidence that STW 5 (Iberogast), fixed combination of hydroethanolic herbal extracts), besides being effective in functional dyspepsia, also improves symptoms in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Clinical data indicate that modulation of mucosal secretion is a promising approach to treat intestinal disorders associated with IBS. We therefore(More)
Fatalities from schistosome infections arise due to granulomatous, immune-mediated responses to eggs that become trapped in host tissues. Schistosome-specific immune responses are characterized by initial T helper type 1 (Th1) responses and our previous studies demonstrated that myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88 (Myd88)-deficient mice failed(More)