Ruth L. Jackson

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The effects of a combination of two antioxidant compounds were studied in a chinchilla model of noise-induced hearing loss. After obtaining baseline hearing thresholds using inferior colliculus evoked potentials, chinchillas were exposed for 6 h to octave band noise centered at 4 kHz (105 dB SPL). Post-noise thresholds were obtained 1 h after the noise(More)
Numerous species of mammals are susceptible to Mycobacterium bovis, the causative agent of bovine tuberculosis (TB). Several wildlife hosts have emerged as reservoirs of M. bovis infection for domestic livestock in different countries. In the present study, blood samples were collected from Eurasian badgers (n=1532), white-tailed deer (n=463), brushtail(More)
Mycobacterium bovis has an exceptionally wide host range, but until recent years there was little concern about infection in species other than cattle and man. Diversification of farming enterprises has led to cognizance of the need for control in other domestic animals, notably deer. There has also been recognition that self-maintaining infection is(More)
Gross and microscopic lesion distributions and culture test results are described for 73 tuberculous possums recovered from a series of cross-sectional studies involving about 500 detailed necropsies. Pathological findings from 11 terminally ill tuberculous possums are also described. Quantitative epidemiological techniques were applied to lesion site data(More)
The gross and microscopic lesions due to Mycobacterium bovis infection are described in 73 brushtail possums (Trichosurus vulpeculu) from population studies and from 11 terminally ill possums. Subcutaneous lesions were suppurative in nature, often discharging through sinuses to the exterior. Histologically, the smallest lesions comprised focal aggregations(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the clinical effectiveness and incremental cost-effectiveness of amantadine, oseltamivir and zanamivir for seasonal and post-exposure prophylaxis of influenza. DATA SOURCES A MEDLINE search strategy was used and searches were carried out in July 2007. REVIEW METHODS An independent health economic model was developed based on a(More)
AIM To establish the prevalence of anthelmintic resistance in parasitic nematodes on a random sample of beef cattle herds in the North Island of New Zealand. METHODS A cross-sectional prevalence study was conducted using a standardised faecal nematode egg count (FEC) reduction (FECR) test (FECRT) for ivermectin, levamisole and albendazole on 60 calves on(More)
Mycobacterium bovis was cultured from nine of 25 (36%) tracheal washings but not from any of 38 urine and 38 faecal samples from tuberculous possums cross-sectionally sampled from the wild. One of three tracheal washings, one of three urine samples and one of three faecal samples from terminally ill possums were culture-positive. The respiratory route is(More)
BACKGROUND The evidence surrounding optimal follow-up after liver resection for colorectal metastases remains unclear. A significant proportion of recurrences occur in the early postoperative period, and some groups advocate more intensive review at this time. METHODS A systematic review of literature published between January 2003 and May 2010 was(More)
AIM To determine the prevalence of the two most commonly diagnosed pathogenic Leptospira spp. serovars, Hardjobovis and Pomona, in sheep in a sheep-only abattoir in New Zealand, and to determine the prevalence of kidneys which were leptospire culture-positive collected from sheep seropositive or seronegative to the microscopic agglutination test (MAT). (More)