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In simple epithelial cells, apical and basolateral proteins are sorted into separate vesicular carriers before delivery to the appropriate plasma membrane domains. To dissect the putative sorting machinery, we have solubilized Golgi-derived transport vesicles with the detergent CHAPS and shown that an apical marker, influenza haemagglutinin (HA), formed a(More)
In simple epithelial cells, apical and basolateral proteins and lipids in transit to the cell surface are sorted in the trans-Golgi network. We have recently isolated detergent-insoluble complexes from Madin-Darby canine kidney cells that are enriched in glycosphingolipids, apical cargo and a subset of the proteins of the exocytic carrier vesicles. The(More)
Annexin II is an abundant protein which is present in the cytosol and on the cytoplasmic face of plasma membrane and early endosomes. It is generally believed that this association occurs via Ca(2+)-dependent binding to lipids, a mechanism typical for the annexin protein family. Although previous studies have shown that annexin II is involved in early(More)
We have used an in vitro assay to follow the proteins transferred from a donor to an acceptor upon fusion of early endosomes. The acceptor was a purified early endosomal fraction immunoisolated on beads and the donor was a metabolically-labeled early endosomal fraction in suspension. In the assay, both fractions were mixed in the presence of unlabeled(More)
We identified and chemically characterized the two major forms of sulfakinins from an extract of 800 corpora cardiaca/corpora allata complexes of the American cockroach, Periplaneta americana. Bioactivity during the purification was monitored by measuring heart beat frequency in a preparation in situ. By Edman degradation analysis and MS, these main forms(More)
Different pyrokinin isoforms were identified from major neurohemal organs of the American cockroach. During their isolation they were recognized by bioassay using a hyperneural muscle preparation that is sensitive to pyrokinins. All structures were elucidated by sequence analysis and mass spectrometry. The primary structures of the novel peptides isolated(More)
The nuclear receptor vitamin D receptor (VDR) is known to associate with three vitamin D response element (VDREs)-containing regions within the CDKN1A (p21) gene region. Here we show in MDA-MB453 breast cancer cells that the natural VDR ligand 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) causes cyclical transcription factor binding and chromatin looping of distal VDREs(More)
The assembly of signalling molecules into macromolecular complexes (transducisomes) provides specificity, sensitivity and speed in intracellular signalling pathways. Rod photoreceptors in the eye contain an unusual set of glutamic-acid-rich proteins (GARPs) of unknown function. GARPs exist as two soluble forms, GARP1 and GARP2, and as a large cytoplasmic(More)
Microsomal epoxide hydrolase (mEH) belongs to the superfamily of alpha/beta-hydrolase fold enzymes. A catalytic triad in the active centre of the enzyme hydrolyses the substrate molecules in a two-step reaction via the intermediate formation of an enzyme-substrate ester. Here we show that the mEH catalytic triad is composed of Asp226, Glu404 and His431.(More)
Bacterial surface-associated plasmin formation is believed to contribute to invasion, although the underlying molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. To define the components necessary for plasmin generation on group A streptococci we used strain AP53 which exposes an M-like protein ("PAM") that contains a plasminogen-binding sequence with two 13-amino(More)