Ruth K. Globus

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Since its inception at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Ames Research Center in the mid-1970s, many laboratories around the world have used the rat hindlimb unloading model to simulate weightlessness and to study various aspects of musculoskeletal loading. In this model, the hindlimbs of rodents are elevated to produce a 30 degrees(More)
We previously showed that anti-fibronectin antibodies or soluble fibronectin fragments containing the central cell-binding domain inhibit formation of mineralized nodules by fetal calvarial osteoblasts in vitro. These findings suggest a critical role for fibronectin in osteoblast differentiation and morphogenesis. In this study we tested the hypothesis that(More)
We have tested the hypothesis that basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta) regulate the proliferation of osteoblast-like cells. Cells which migrated from central bone explants of fetal calf calvaria expressed markers characteristic of the osteoblast phenotype, including osteocalcin (bone Gla protein) secretion(More)
Bone contains various growth factors, including fibroblast growth factor (FGF). The cellular origins of the growth factors found in bone are not known. We examined whether cultured fetal bovine bone cells synthesize FGF. These cells express characteristic markers of the osteoblast phenotype, including expression of bone Gla protein (osteocalcin) and(More)
Space flight and bedrest result in a negative calcium balance and osteopenia. The mechanisms underlying these events are not well understood. In particular, it is not clear whether systemic or local factors are preeminent in mediating the effects of gravity on bone mineral content. Using a rat model that unweights only the hindlimbs, we determined whether(More)
The hindlimb unloading rodent model is used extensively to study the response of many physiological systems to certain aspects of space flight, as well as to disuse and recovery from disuse for Earth benefits. This chapter describes the evolution of hindlimb unloading, and is divided into three sections. The first section examines the characteristics of(More)
Male Sprague-Dawley rats were infused continuously for 13 days with vehicle or 75 pmol (31.2 ng)/day 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3] by means of Alzet osmotic minipumps implanted s.c. Animals infused with 1,25-(OH)2D3 exhibited mild hypercalcemia (11.2 vs. 10.2 mg/dl in controls), a 136% increase in the serum concentration of 1,25-(OH)2D3 (187 vs.(More)
The skeletal extracellular matrix produced by osteoblasts contains the glycoprotein fibronectin, which regulates the adhesion, differentiation and function of various adherent cells. Interactions with fibronectin are required for osteoblast differentiation in vitro, since fibronectin antagonists added to cultures of immature fetal calvarial osteoblasts(More)
Ionizing radiation can cause substantial tissue degeneration, which may threaten the long-term health of astronauts and radiotherapy patients. To determine whether a single dose of radiation acutely compromises structural integrity in the postpubertal skeleton, 18-week-old male mice were exposed to (137)Cs gamma radiation (1 or 2 Gy). The structure of(More)