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RATIONALE Emphysema in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can be characterized by high-resolution chest computed tomography (HRCT); however, the repeated use of HRCT is limited because of concerns regarding radiation exposure and cost. OBJECTIVES To evaluate biomarkers associated with emphysema and COPD-related clinical characteristics, and to(More)
P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1), the primary ligand for P-selectin, is constitutively expressed on the surface of circulating leukocytes. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of leukocyte activation on PSGL-1 expression and PSGL-1-mediated leukocyte adhesion to P-selectin. PSGL-1 expression was examined via indirect(More)
BACKGROUND Because chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a heterogeneous condition, the identification of specific clinical phenotypes is key to developing more effective therapies. To explore if the persistence of systemic inflammation is associated with poor clinical outcomes in COPD we assessed patients recruited to the well-characterized(More)
ET-18-O-CH3 (1-O-octadecyl-2-O-methyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine) is an antiproliferative agent, blocking the growth of cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo. However, there is controversy regarding the mechanism leading to its antiproliferative effects. CoA-independent transacylase (CoA-IT) is an enzyme that remodels arachidonate between specific(More)
CD23 (low-affinity IgE receptor, FcepsilonRII) is expressed as a Type II extracellular protein on a variety of cells such as B-cells, monocytes and macrophages and is cleaved from the cell surface to generate several distinct fragments. The expression of CD23 on the cell surface as well as the generation of soluble fragments of CD23 has been shown to be(More)
The reaction of oxygen with catechol 1,2-dioxygenase from Pseudomonas arvilla ATCC 23974 in complex with catechol, 4-methylcatechol, and 4-fluorocatechol has been studied using single turnover stopped flow spectrophotometry. Two sequential enzyme intermediates have been resolved and their visible spectra characterized by computer-assisted methods. These(More)
The enzyme CoA-independent transacylase (CoA-IT) has been proposed to mediate the movement of arachidonate between phospholipid subclasses and influence the formation of arachidonic acid metabolites and platelet-activating factor. To substantiate the critical role of CoA-IT, we have developed two structurally diverse inhibitors of CoA-IT activity, SK&F(More)
With the recent discoveries of novel forms of phospholipases A2 (PLA2s),2 new schemes for the roles of various PLA2s in lipid metabolism must be considered. The type II 14-kDa PLA2 isolated from human synovial fluid or platelet has many of the biochemical characteristics of the homologous snake venom and mammalian pancreatic PLA2s. It appears to function(More)
Previous studies using phospholipid mixed vesicles have demonstrated that several types of phospholipase A2 (PLA2) enzymes exhibit different selectivity for fatty acids at the sn-2 position, for the type of chemical bond at the sn-1 position or for the phosphobase moiety at the sn-3 position of phospholipids. In the present study, we have utilized natural(More)
Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH, EPHX2) metabolizes eicosanoid epoxides, including epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) to the corresponding dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (DHETs), and leukotoxin (LTX) to leukotoxin diol (LTX diol). EETs, endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factors, exhibit potentially beneficial properties, including anti-inflammatory effects(More)