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Postprandial hyperglycemia is an early indicator of abnormality in glucose metabolism leading to type 2 diabetes. However, mechanisms that contribute to postprandial hyperglycemia have not been identified. This study showed that mice with targeted inactivation of the group 1B phospholipase A2 (Pla2g1b) gene displayed lower postprandial glycemia than that(More)
Stillbirth occurs in nearly 1% of all births in the USA, and is one of the most common but least studied adverse pregnancy outcomes. The many risk factors for and causes of stillbirth are presented. Over the past several decades, the rate of stillbirth has been substantially reduced, with the reduction most apparent in those stillbirths previously occurring(More)
Bile salt-stimulated carboxyl ester lipase (CEL), also called cholesterol esterase, is one of the major proteins secreted by the pancreas. The physiological role of CEL was originally thought to be its mediation of dietary cholesterol absorption. However, recent studies showed no difference between wild type and CEL knockout mice in the total amount of(More)
This study compared the physiological process of cholesterol absorption in different strains of inbred mice with the goal of identifying novel mechanism(s) by which cholesterol absorption can be controlled. The rate and amount of cholesterol absorption were evaluated based on [14C]cholesterol appearance in plasma after feeding a meal containing(More)
The current study used the human Caco-2 cell line and mouse intestine to explore the topology of expression of the class B type I scavenger receptor (SR-BI) in intestinal cells. Results showed that intestinal cells expressed only the SR-BI isoform with little or no expression of the SR-BII variant. The expression of SR-BI in Caco-2 cells is differentiation(More)
OBJECTIVE A previous study showed no effect of 1Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on tics in Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome (GTS). We modified the rTMS protocol in order to investigate some of the possible methodological reasons for the negative outcome in that study. METHODS In a single blinded placebo-controlled cross-over study in(More)
From research carried out over the last few years, it has become apparent that the visual world of the newborn baby (0-7 days from birth) is highly organised. It is also clear that the newborn infant is an extremely competent learner. These themes are illustrated with respect to two areas of research, face perception and intermodal learning. Evidence is(More)
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging is a new, noninvasive approach for imaging the cardiovascular system. Being a three-dimensional technique, NMR imaging has the capability of measuring volumes without the need for assumptions regarding ventricular geometry. In this study, the technique was validated in 19 excised dog hearts, filled with(More)
The systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) is the body's response to a multitude of chemical mediators. Conditions inciting the release of these mediators include bacterial sepsis, viremia, pancreatitis, trauma, neoplasia, heat stroke, and many others. The key to the successful management of SIRS lies in anticipation and not reaction. Resuscitation(More)
SIX5 belongs to a family of highly conserved homeodomain transcription factors implicated in development and disease. The mammalian SIX5/SIX4 gene pair is likely to be involved in the development of mesodermal structures. Moreover, a variety of data have implicated human SIX5 dysfunction as a contributor to myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1), a condition(More)