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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE At present, there is no standardized in vitro human skin model for wound healing. Therefore, our aim was to establish and characterize an in vitro/ex vivo three-dimensional (3D) wound healing model, which we employed to analyze the effects of dexpanthenol on wound healing and gene regulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS The novel human(More)
Retinoic acid exerts a variety of effects on gene transcription that regulate growth, differentiation, and inflammation in normal and neoplastic skin cells. Because there is a lack of information regarding the influence of metabolic transformation of retinoids on their pharmacologic effects in skin, we have analyzed the functional activity of all-trans-,(More)
Cellular levels of all-trans retinoic acid (RA) are meticulously regulated utilizing an array of systems to balance uptake, biosynthesis, catabolism, and efflux transport. Metabolic transformation of all-trans RA to 4-hydroxylated RA appears to be primarily catalyzed by the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 26AI. Analysis of monolayer cultures of normal human epidermal(More)
Normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEK) and dermal fibroblasts express a cell-specific pattern of efflux transport proteins. Since regulatory mechanisms for these transporters in cells of the human skin were unknown, we analyzed the influence of inflammatory cytokines on the expression of multidrug resistance-associated proteins (MRP1, 3, 4, 5). Using(More)
Human macrophages (M Phi) express cytochrome P450 enzymes verifying their capacity to metabolize a variety of endogenous and exogenous substances. Here we analysed the mRNA and protein expression of transport proteins involved in the uptake or export of drugs, hormones and arachidonic acid metabolites in dendritic cells (DC) and M Phi compared to their(More)
BACKGROUND Component-resolved diagnostics using microarray technology has recently been introduced into clinical allergology, but its applicability in children with food allergy has hardly been investigated so far. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of microarray-based IgE detection in the diagnostic workup of food allergy and to compare this(More)
Topical application of dexpanthenol is widely used in clinical practice for the improvement of wound healing. Previous in vitro experiments identified a stimulatory effect of pantothenate on migration, proliferation and gene regulation in cultured human dermal fibroblasts. To correlate these in vitro findings with the more complex in vivo situation of wound(More)
Topical application of pantothenate is widely used in clinical practice for wound healing. Previous studies identified a positive effect of pantothenate on migration and proliferation of cultured fibroblasts. However, these studies were mainly descriptive with no molecular data supporting a possible model of its action. In this study, we first established(More)
Clinical experiences with non-ablative fractional erbium glass laser therapy have demonstrated promising results for dermal remodelling and for the indications of striae, surgical scars and acne scars. So far, molecular effects on human skin following treatment with these laser systems have not been elucidated. Our aim was to investigate laser-induced(More)