Ruth H. Whitham

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The accepted standard treatment of relapsing multiple sclerosis consists of medications for disease symptoms, including treatment for acute exacerbations. However, currently there is no therapy that alters the progression of physical disability associated with this disease. The purpose of this study was to determine whether interferon beta-1a could slow the(More)
The Multiple Sclerosis Collaborative Research Group trial was a double-blind, randomized, multicenter, phase III, placebo-controlled study of interferon beta-1a (IFNbeta-1a; AVONEX) in relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis. Initial magnetic resonance imaging results have been published; this report provides additional results. Treatment with IFNbeta-1a, 30(More)
The OX-40R is a member of the TNF receptor family and is expressed primarily on activated CD4+ T cells. When the OX-40R is engaged by the OX-40 ligand (OX-40L), a potent costimulatory signal occurs. We have identified a population of CD11b+ cells, isolated from the central nervous system (CNS) of mice with actively induced experimental allergic(More)
We determined inter- and intrarater Kurtzke Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) scoring agreement for four trained examining physicians who evaluated 10 clinically stable multiple sclerosis patients. These patients had previously been determined to have EDSS scores of 1.0 to 3.5 and were scheduled to participate in a funded clinical trial of(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE This report provides results of CSF analyses done in a subset of relapsing remitting MS patients participating in a placebo-controlled, double-blind, phase III clinical trial of IFNbeta-Studies supported by the National Multiple Sclerosis Society (grants RG2019, RG2827),a (Avonex , Biogen). The clinical trial demonstrated that(More)
Relapsing experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (R-EAE) can be induced in SJL/J mice by immunization with spinal cord homogenate and adjuvant. The specific Ag(s) responsible for acute disease and subsequent relapses in this model is unknown. Myelin basic protein (BP), an encephalitogenic peptide of BP (BP 87-99), and proteolipid protein (PLP) can each(More)
The Perceived Deficits Questionnaire (PDQ) is a part of the Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Quality of Life Inventory that assesses self-perceived cognitive difficulties. We used baseline data from 49 MS subjects participating in a clinical trial to evaluate the correlation of the PDQ with two measures of cognitive impairment, the Paced Auditory Serial Addition(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) had a profound effect on the in vitro phenotypic development of Ag-activated Th cells and enhanced the in vivo effector function of these cells upon adoptive transfer. Previous studies have shown that there are two types of Th cell populations found in unimmunized animals, naive helper cells, which are short-lived(More)
A T–cell receptor (TCR) peptide vaccine from the Vβ5.2 sequence expressed in multiple sclerosis (MS) plaques and on myelin basic protein (MBP)–specific T cells boosted peptide–reactive T cells in patients with progressive MS. Vaccine responders had a reduced MBP response and remained clinically stable without side effects during one year of therapy, whereas(More)