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OBJECTIVE Cardiogenic shock is the leading cause of death in patients hospitalized for acute myocardial infarction. The objectives were to investigate the effects of levosimendan, a novel inodilator, compared with the phosphodiesterase-III inhibitor enoximone in refractory cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction, on top of current(More)
BACKGROUND The use of iodinated contrast medium can result in nephropathy. Whether iso-osmolar contrast medium is less nephrotoxic than low-osmolar contrast medium in high-risk patients is uncertain. METHODS We conducted a randomized, double-blind, prospective, multicenter study comparing the nephrotoxic effects of an iso-osmolar, dimeric, nonionic(More)
Thyroid hormone has many effects on the heart and vascular system. In hyperthyroidism changes in cardiovascular hemodynamics explain many of the clinical manifestations induced by thyroid hormones. In hypothyroidism the cardiovascular effects are opposite to those observed in hyperthyroidism, although the clinical manifestations are less obvious. This(More)
Agonist-promoted desensitization of adenylate cyclase is intimately associated with phosphorylation of the beta-adrenergic receptor in mammalian, avian, and amphibian cells. However, the nature of the protein kinase(s) involved in receptor phosphorylation remains largely unknown. We report here the identification and partial purification of a protein kinase(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Postconditioning by repetitive I/R cycles immediately after onset of reperfusion protects the heart. Metabolic disorders undermine the protection of preconditioning. The present study tested whether postconditioning protects hearts from rats with established metabolic syndrome [Wistar-Ottawa-Karlsburg W rats (WOKW)]. METHODS AND(More)
Prolonged exposure of cells or tissues to drugs or hormones such as catecholamines leads to a state of refractoriness to further stimulation by that agent, known as homologous desensitization. In the case of the beta-adrenergic receptor coupled to adenylate cyclase, this process has been shown to be intimately associated with the sequestration of the(More)
Recently generated caveolin-1 deficient mice (cav-1(-/-)) display several physiological alterations such as severe heart failure and lung fibrosis. The molecular mechanisms how the loss of caveolin-1 (cav-1) mediates these alterations are currently under debate. A plethora of studies support a role of cav-1 as a negative regulator of endothelial nitric(More)
An impairment of norepinephrine (NE) re-uptake by the neuronal NE transporter (NET) has been shown to contribute to the increased cardiac net-release of NE in congestive heart failure (CHF). The present study investigated which mechanisms are involved in the impairment of NET. Rats with supracoronary aortic banding characterized by myocardial hypertrophy,(More)
Targeted ablation of caveolin-1 (cav-1) results in a severe cardiomyopathy. How the loss of cav-1 mediates these abnormalities is currently under investigation. Mounting evidence indicates that cav-1 acts as a negative regulator of endothelial nitric oxide synthase resulting in a constitutive hyperactivation of the nitric oxide (NO)-pathway in cav-1(More)
OBJECTIVES Protein kinase C (PKC) is a central enzyme in the regulation of growth and hypertrophy. Little was known on PKC isoform regulation in human heart. Goal of this study was to characterize the isoforms of protein kinase C in human heart, their changes during ontogenesis, and their regulation in myocardial hypertrophy and heart failure. METHODS In(More)