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BACKGROUND The current medical treatment of endometriosis, a common gynaecological disease, is still associated with a high recurrence rate. To establish an appropriate in-vivo model to evaluate new therapeutic strategies we validated the nude mouse model for the intraperitoneal cultivation of human endometrial tissue. METHODS Human endometrium of the(More)
Gap junctional intercellular coupling allows cells to share low molecular weight metabolites and second messengers, thus facilitating homeostatic and developmental processes. Gap junctions make their appearance very early in rodent development, during compaction in the eight-cell stage. Surprisingly, preimplantation mouse embryos lacking the gap junction(More)
Implantation of the mammalian embryo requires profound endometrial changes for successful pregnancy, including epithelial–mesenchymal transition of the luminal epithelium and stromal–epithelial transition of the stromal cells resulting in decidualization. Claudins (Cldn) determine the variability in tight junction paracellular permeability and may play a(More)
Endometriosis is a common gynaecological disease, defined as the presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterus, causing pelvic pain and subfertility in approximately 10% of women of reproductive age. Current therapies lead to pain relief, however, do not address the causes and entail severe side effects. Still little is known about the pathogenic(More)
BACKGROUND In order to further distinguish unique from general functions of connexin43, we have generated mice in which the coding region of connexin43 was replaced by that of connexin26. RESULTS Heterozygous mothers showed impaired mammary gland development responsible for decreased lactation and early postnatal death of the pups which could be partially(More)
More than 97% of mice in which the C-terminal region of connexin43 (Cx43) was removed (designated as Cx43K258stop) die shortly after birth due to a defect of the epidermal barrier. The abnormal expression of Cx43K258stop protein in the uppermost layers of the epidermis seems to perturb terminal differentiation of keratinocytes. In contrast to Cx43-deficient(More)
Progestins are successfully used in the treatment of endometriosis; however, the exact mechanisms of their action are still unsolved. We here focused on the effect of different progestins on parameters of extracellular matrix degradation and angiogenesis involved in the establishment and maintenance of ectopic endometrial lesions. Human endometrium was(More)
A precise regulation of angiogenesis is a prerequisite for an adequate maturation of ovarian follicles. Despite the production of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) by granulosa cells in antral follicles, angiogenesis is restricted to the theca cell layer. The maturing follicle remains avascular before ovulation, implying regulatory mechanisms which(More)
Maternal effect genes code for oocyte proteins that are important for early embryogenesis. Transcription in oocytes does not take place from the onset of meiotic progression until zygotic genome activation. During this period, protein levels are regulated posttranscriptionally, for example by poly(A) tail length. Posttranscriptional regulation may be(More)
BACKGROUND During the female reproductive cycle, follicular development and corpus luteum formation crucially depend on the fast generation of new blood vessels. The importance of granulosa cells and follicular fluid in controlling this angiogenesis is still not completely understood. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) produced by granulosa cells and(More)