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BACKGROUND The current medical treatment of endometriosis, a common gynaecological disease, is still associated with a high recurrence rate. To establish an appropriate in-vivo model to evaluate new therapeutic strategies we validated the nude mouse model for the intraperitoneal cultivation of human endometrial tissue. METHODS Human endometrium of the(More)
Gap junctional intercellular coupling allows cells to share low molecular weight metabolites and second messengers, thus facilitating homeostatic and developmental processes. Gap junctions make their appearance very early in rodent development, during compaction in the eight-cell stage. Surprisingly, preimplantation mouse embryos lacking the gap junction(More)
Endometriosis, defined as the presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterus, is an estrogen-dependent disease which causes pelvic pain and subfertility in women of reproductive age. The condition has a dramatic impact on the professional, social and marital life of sufferers. Direct and indirect evidence suggests that angiogenesis is required for the(More)
Endometriosis is a common gynaecological disease, defined as the presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterus, causing pelvic pain and subfertility in approximately 10% of women of reproductive age. Current therapies lead to pain relief, however, do not address the causes and entail severe side effects. Still little is known about the pathogenic(More)
In rat endometrium, expression of gap junction connexin-26 (cx26) in the epithelium and cx43 in the uterine stroma is suppressed by progesterone before implantation. For further study of connexin gene regulation we analyzed expression of cx26, cx43, and cx32 in the endometrium of ovariectomized rats treated with different ratios of 17beta-estradiol (E2) and(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the regulation of estrogen-converting enzymes in human ectopic endometrial tissue. DESIGN Animal study. SETTING Academic medical center. ANIMAL(S) Sixty female nude mice with implanted human endometrial tissue. PATIENT(S) Twenty-two premenopausal women undergoing endometrial biopsy or hysterectomy. INTERVENTION(S) Human(More)
We have characterized the spatial and temporal expression pattern of six different connexin genes and E-cadherin during trophectoderm development in the rat. During the initial phase of trophoblast invasion at 6 days postcoitum (dpc), the trophoblast expressed E-cadherin but no connexin expression could be observed. With progressing invasion of the polar(More)
Implantation of the mammalian embryo requires profound endometrial changes for successful pregnancy, including epithelial–mesenchymal transition of the luminal epithelium and stromal–epithelial transition of the stromal cells resulting in decidualization. Claudins (Cldn) determine the variability in tight junction paracellular permeability and may play a(More)
Absence of the Pax8 gene results in congenital hypothyroidism in mice, and mutations of the Pax8 gene have been associated with thyroid hypoplasia in humans. As in humans, treatment of congenital hypothyroid Pax8 null mice with thyroxine normalizes the known deficits. However, we report here that thyroxine-substituted female Pax8(-/-) mice are infertile(More)
Bone cells form a functional syncytium as they are coupled by gap junctions composed mainly of connexin 43 (Cx43). To further understand the role of Cx43 in bone cell growth and differentiation, we stably transfected Cx45-expressing UMR 106-01 cells with Cx43 using an expression vector containing rat Cx43 cDNA. Three stably transfected clones were analyzed,(More)