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Membranes from rabbit aorta and from rabbit and rat kidney cortex possess high-affinity (Kd = 10(-10) M) specific binding sites for atrial natriuretic factor (ANF). Similar high-affinity sites are present in an established cell line from pig kidney, LLC-PK1. Results of fractionation studies indicate that the receptors are localized in the plasma membrane of(More)
One mechanism considered responsible for the hypercalcemia that frequently accompanies malignancy is secretion by the tumor of a circulating factor that alters calcium metabolism. The structure of a tumor-secreted peptide was recently determined and found to be partially homologous to parathyroid hormone (PTH). The amino-terminal 1-34 region of the factor(More)
Melittin produces a voltage-dependent increase in the conductance of planar lipid bilayers. The conductance increases when the side of the membrane to which melittin has been added (cis-side) is made positive. This paper reports observations on the effect of modifying two positively charged amino acid residues within the NH2-terminal region of the molecule:(More)
Atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) is a potent natriuretic and vasorelaxant agent that also stimulates guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) excretion in normotensive animals. These properties suggest that ANF may be involved in the regulation of blood pressure. To test a pure preparation of ANF in both normotensive and hypertensive animals, a synthetic(More)
The actions of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) on the vascular wall are diverse and show a profound regional heterogeneity. ANF is a potent relaxant of aortic smooth muscle, a response which is associated with activation of particulate guanylate cyclase and elevation in tissue levels of cyclic GMP. However, many large and small muscular arteries and most(More)
This study examines the clearance and early hydrolysis of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) in vivo. Radiolabeled ANF was cleared from the circulation of the rat with biphasic kinetics; the majority (90%) of ANF cleared with a t1/2 of 15 s, the remaining peptide was cleared with a t1/2 of 5 min. Microsequence analysis of ANF peptides recovered from the(More)
A substance called atrial natriuretic factor (ANF), localized in secretory granules of atrial cardiocytes, was isolated as four homologous natriuretic peptides from homogenates of rat atria. The complete sequence of the longest form showed that it is composed of 33 amino acids. The three other shorter forms (2-33, 3-33, and 8-33) represent amino-terminally(More)
The aggregation of platelets from a variety of animal species in response to thrombin receptor-derived activating peptides was evaluated. A series of 14-(SFLLRNPNDKYEPF), 7-(SFLLRNP-NH2), 6-(SFLLRN-HN2) or 5-(SFLLR-NH2) residue peptides, the structures of which were based on the deduced amino acid sequence of the human thrombin receptor, promoted full(More)