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Melittin produces a voltage-dependent increase in the conductance of planar lipid bilayers. The conductance increases when the side of the membrane to which melittin has been added (cis-side) is made positive. This paper reports observations on the effect of modifying two positively charged amino acid residues within the NH2-terminal region of the molecule:(More)
One mechanism considered responsible for the hypercalcemia that frequently accompanies malignancy is secretion by the tumor of a circulating factor that alters calcium metabolism. The structure of a tumor-secreted peptide was recently determined and found to be partially homologous to parathyroid hormone (PTH). The amino-terminal 1-34 region of the factor(More)
The role of the thrombin receptor tethered ligand hypothesis in mediating the mitogenic responses of cells to thrombin was explored. We have found that small (5-14 amino acid) peptides corresponding to the proposed amino terminus of thrombin activated human and hamster thrombin receptors are mitogenic for the Chinese hamster fibroblast cell line, CCL39.(More)
Membranes from rabbit aorta and from rabbit and rat kidney cortex possess high-affinity (Kd = 10(-10) M) specific binding sites for atrial natriuretic factor (ANF). Similar high-affinity sites are present in an established cell line from pig kidney, LLC-PK1. Results of fractionation studies indicate that the receptors are localized in the plasma membrane of(More)
Previous studies examining the interaction of PTH and PTH-related protein (PTHrP) with target tissue have for the most part emphasized the similarity between the two hormones in binding to and activating receptors. This observation that two peptides with limited homology have equal affinities for the same receptor is unusual. In this report we investigated(More)
The aggregation of platelets from a variety of animal species in response to thrombin receptor-derived activating peptides was evaluated. A series of 14-(SFLLRNPNDKYEPF), 7-(SFLLRNP-NH2), 6-(SFLLRN-HN2) or 5-(SFLLR-NH2) residue peptides, the structures of which were based on the deduced amino acid sequence of the human thrombin receptor, promoted full(More)
As the use of high-throughput screening systems becomes more routine in the drug discovery process, there is an increasing need for fast and reliable analysis of the massive amounts of the resulting data. At the forefront of the methods used is data reduction, often assisted by cluster analysis. Activity thresholds reduce the data set under investigation to(More)
The routine use of high-throughput screening (HTS) systems in the drug discovery process has resulted in an increasing need for fast, reliable analysis of massive amounts of data. A new automated multidomain clustering method that thoroughly analyzes screening data sets is used to examine both the active and the inactive compounds in a well-known, publicly(More)