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BACKGROUND The literature review presented here was conducted as part of an English National Board for Nursing, Midwifery and Health Visiting funded project to evaluate the use of portfolios in the assessment of learning and competence. Initial consideration of the topic revealed the need to clarify the terminology and approaches used to assess competence(More)
BACKGROUND The Intensive Care Unit (ICU) Liaison Nurses (LNs) emerged as a member of the multidisciplinary team to: assist in the transition of patients from ICU to the ward, respond to the deteriorating patient in an appropriate and timely manner, and in some instances act as an integral member of Rapid Response Teams (RRT). PURPOSE To identify the(More)
BACKGROUND A portfolio captures learning from experience, enables an assessor to measure student learning, acts as a tool for reflective thinking, illustrates critical analytical skills and evidence of self-directed learning and provides a collection of detailed evidence of a person's competence. AIMS This paper reports data on how assessors and nursing(More)
The aim of this prospective randomised controlled trial was to assess the effectiveness of the Bispectral Index (BIS) monitor in supporting clinical sedation management decisions in mechanically ventilated intensive care unit patients. Fifty adult mechanically ventilated surgical and general intensive care unit patients receiving sedative infusions of(More)
BACKGROUND The majority of hospitals in the United Kingdom (UK) use some form of track and trigger scoring system, such as early warning scores, to identify deteriorating patients; however, response by the multi-professional team is not always timely and problems with recognition of deterioration persist. AIM To examine ward nurse and critical care(More)
It is widely acknowledged that many critically ill patients are managed outside of designated critical care units. One strategy adopted in Australia and England to assess and manage risk in these patients is the intensive care unit (ICU) outreach or liaison nurse service. This article examines how ICU outreach/liaison roles in Australia and England operate(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this paper is to discuss how portfolio assessment processes should be evaluated. BACKGROUND Articles in the nursing literature discuss the use of validity and reliability as criteria for evaluating portfolio assessment processes, and recommendations include tighter specification of grading criteria, a standardized national approach(More)
This paper discusses the diversity of portfolio use highlighted in a study funded by the English National Board for Nursing, Midwifery and Health Visiting exploring the effectiveness of portfolios in assessing learning and competence (). Data collection was undertaken in two stages: through a national telephone survey of Higher Education Institutions (HEIs)(More)
AIM This paper is a report of a study to identify experienced rural nurses' perceptions of key issues related to the provision of effective psychosocial care for people with cancer in rural settings. BACKGROUND A cancer diagnosis has a major impact on psychological and emotional wellbeing, and psychosocial support provided by nurses is an integral part of(More)
The mismatch between intensive care unit (ICU) bed availability and demand may be improved with timely patient discharges, however little is known about the nature and contributing factors of discharge delays. This study investigated the impact of a specific intervention--the ICU liaison nurse role--in reducing ICU discharge delay using a prospective block(More)