Ruth E. Foster

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Changes in conduction properties and in morphology were studied during rat optic nerve growth from birth (when no myelin is present and the glia have not differentiated) to adulthood (when the optic nerve is essentially 100% myelinated). Myelination begins around the sixth postnatal day and proceeds rapidly so that 85% of the fibers are myelinated at 28(More)
Inferior olive neurons, in brain slices maintained in vitro, display spontaneous, continuous oscillations of their membrane potential which are consonant with olivary rhythmic activity seen in vivo. This oscillatory behavior was studied with intracellular electrophysiological techniques. The 3-10 Hz rhythmicity of these cells from guinea pigs is(More)
The present experiments were designed to trace the central auditory pathways in an extant reptile, the New Worlkd lizard--Iguana iguana, utilizing anterograde axonal degeneration stained by the Fink-Heimer ('67) method and the retrograde axonal transport of horseradish peroxidase (LaVail and LaVail, '74). Beginning with the projections of the auditory(More)
Cytochemical staining of demyelinated peripheral axons revealed two types of axon membrane organization, one of which suggests that the demyelinated axolemma acquires a high density of sodium channels. Ferric ion-ferrocyanide stain was confined to a restricted region of axon membrane at the beginning of a demyelinated segment or was distributed throughout(More)
This freeze-fracture study examines the development of myelinated fibers in the rat optic nerve. Axolemma of optic nerve fibers were studied before, during, and after myelination. At birth, the optic nerve is composed entirely of non-myelinated (premyelinated) axons, while in the adult, virtually all fibers acquire compact myelin. Myelination begins at 6-8(More)
The axolemma of nonmyelinated fibres from the corpus callosum and cerebellar cortex (C.N.S.) and the vagus nerve (P.N.S.) was investigated with freeze-fracture electron microscopy. The major observations of this study are as follows: (1) there is a highly asymmetrical distribution of intramembranous particles between the E- and P-fracture faces in both(More)
Cardiorespiratory effects of tetrodotoxin (TTX) (15 micrograms/kg, i.p.) were investigated in urethane-anesthetized guinea pigs acutely instrumented for the recording of medullary respiratory-related units (RRUs), diaphragm electromyogram (DEMG), electrocorticogram (ECoG), electrocardiogram (ECG), blood pressure (BP), endtidal CO2, and arterial O2 and CO2.(More)
Under electrophysiological control, a focal demyelinating lesion can be produced in the corpus callosum of the rabbit by slow pressure injection of a 1% solution of lysophosphatidyl choline (LPC). Light- and electron-microscopic examination of the LPC demyelinated corpus callosum indicates that many axons remain structurally intact after LPC injection. In(More)