Ruth E Blackburn-Munro

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How does a neuron, challenged by an increase in synaptic input, display a response that is independent of the initial level of activity? Here we show that both oxytocin and vasopressin cells in the supraoptic nucleus of normal rats respond to intravenous infusions of hypertonic saline with gradual, linear increases in discharge rate. In hyponatremic rats,(More)
Hyperactivity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) stress axis and disturbances in serotonin (5-HT) neurotransmission have been implicated in the pathogenesis of depressive disorder. Repeated social defeat of male NMRI mice has been shown to induce increases in core body temperature and corticosterone, indicative of a state of chronic stress in(More)
Hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis changes have been reported in several disease states, including major depressive disorder, rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis and various other conditions associated with chronic pain. These observations suggest that stress and the HPA axis may play important roles in the pathology of these diseases. In order(More)
Chronic pain and depressive illness are debilitating disease states that are variably resistant to currently available therapeutic agents. Animal models of chronic pain are associated with activation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, upon which chronic pain acts as an inescapable stressor. Inescapable stress is also associated with(More)
Retigabine [D23129; N-(2-amino-4-(4-fluorobenzylamino)-phenyl)carbamic acid ethyl ester] is an antiepileptic drug with a recently described novel mechanism of action that involves opening of neuronal K(V)7.2-7.5 (formerly KCNQ2-5) voltage-activated K(+) channels. These channels (primarily K(V)7.2/7.3) enable generation of the M-current, a subthreshold K(+)(More)
Pain is a multi-dimensional process involving the physical, emotional and perceptual integration of noxious information. The physical component is relayed via the spinal cord to several brain areas to initiate the detection of pain. The emotional aspect is encoded by the limbic system and encapsulates the relationship between pain and mood. Within the(More)
Central oxytocin (OT) neurons limit intracerebroventricular (icv) ANG II-induced NaCl intake. Because mineralocorticoids synergistically increase ANG II-induced NaCl intake, we hypothesized that mineralocorticoids may attenuate ANG II-induced activation of inhibitory OT neurons. To test this hypothesis, we determined the effect of deoxycorticosterone (DOCA;(More)
The synthesis and preliminary structure-activity relationships (SAR) of a novel class of vasopressin V(1B) receptor antagonists are described. Hit compound 5, identified via high throughput screening of the corporate collection, showed good activity in a V(1B) binding assay (K(i) 63 nM) but did not possess the lead-like physicochemical properties typically(More)
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