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BACKGROUND In resource-limited settings, efficiency is crucial to maximise resources available for patient care. Time driven activity-based costing (TDABC) estimates costs directly from clinical and administrative processes used in patient care, thereby providing valuable information for process improvements. TDABC is more accurate and simpler than(More)
Background. In Haiti, breast cancer patients present at such advanced stages that even modern therapies offer modest survival benefit. Identifying the personal, sociocultural, and economic barriers-to-care delaying patient presentation is crucial to controlling disease. Methods. Patients presenting to the Hôpital Bon Sauveur in Cange were prospectively(More)
BACKGROUND Women in low- and middle-income countries account for 51% of breast cancer cases globally. These patients often delay seeking care and, therefore, present with advanced disease, partly because of fear of catastrophic health care expenses. Although there have been efforts to make health care affordable in low- and middle-income countries, the(More)
BACKGROUND Women with breast cancer in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) account for 51% of cases globally and often present with advanced disease. Fear of costs contributes to delay in seeking care, as health expenditures are financially catastrophic for families worldwide. Despite efforts to improve affordability of health care in LMICs, the(More)
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