Ruth Colagiuri

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BACKGROUND Type 2 diabetes is a common and costly chronic disease which is associated with significant premature mortality and morbidity. Although patient education is an integral component of diabetes care, there remain uncertainties regarding the effectiveness of different methods and modes of education. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effectiveness of(More)
Recent data for the global burden of disease reflect major demographic and lifestyle changes, leading to a rise in non-communicable diseases. Most countries with high levels of tuberculosis face a large comorbidity burden from both non-communicable and communicable diseases. Traditional disease-specific approaches typically fail to recognise common features(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess and compare health care costs for normal-weight, overweight and obese Australians. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS Analysis of 5-year follow-up data from the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle study, collected in 2004-2005. Data were available for 6140 participants aged >or= 25 years at baseline. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Direct(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of diabetes, impaired glucose metabolism, and related risk factors in Tonga. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A randomly selected representative national sample of 1,024 people aged >15 years was surveyed. Each participant had fasting blood glucose and HbA(1c) measured. Subjects with a fasting blood glucose >5.0 mmol/l (90(More)
AIMS To critically appraise the suitability, validity, reliability, feasibility and sensitivity to change of available psychometric tools for measuring the education outcomes identified in the (Australian) National Consensus on Outcomes and Indicators for Diabetes Patient Education. METHODS Potentially suitable psychometric measurement tools were(More)
AIM To identify precipitating events and factors preceding diabetes related amputations in Pacific Islands countries (PICs). METHODS Using a root cause analysis approach, a questionnaire seeking information on events leading up to amputation was administered to a convenience sample of 85 people with diabetes in three PICs (Solomon Islands, Nauru and(More)
RATIONALE The new area of health system research requires a revision of the taxonomy of scientific knowledge that may facilitate a better understanding and representation of complex health phenomena in research discovery, corroboration and implementation. METHOD A position paper by an expert group following and iterative approach. RESULTS 'Scientific(More)
Twenty-five persons with diabetes (aged 55-83 years) who were living independently in the community, and 40 age- and sex-matched non-diabetic controls were assessed for tactile sensitivity, vibration sense, proprioception, quadriceps strength and body sway. In both men and women, those with diabetes performed significantly worse in tests of body sway on(More)
AIMS To assess and compare costs associated with diabetes and lesser degrees of glucose intolerance in Australia. METHODS The Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle study collected data on the use of health services and health related expenditure in 2004-2005. Complications data were collected through physical examination and biochemical tests or(More)