Ruth Chiquet-Ehrismann

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Septate and tight junctions are thought to seal neighboring cells together and to function as barriers between epithelial cells. We have characterized a novel member of the neurexin family, Neurexin IV (NRX), which is localized to septate junctions (SJs) of epithelial and glial cells. NRX is a transmembrane protein with a cytoplasmic domain homologous to(More)
We describe the molecular characterization of the Drosophila gene tenm, a large transcription unit spanning > 110 kb of DNA. tenm encodes a large extracellular protein of 2515 amino acids related to the extracellular matrix molecule tenascin. The Tenm protein is found in seven stripes during the blastoderm stage, and each stripe overlaps with the(More)
Primary chick embryo fibroblasts attach to a tenascin substrate, but remain rounded and do not spread out. The proportion between tenascin and fibronectin in mixtures used to coat the substrate determines the shape of the cells. Tenascin inhibits integrin-mediated chick fibroblast attachment to fibronectin, laminin, and the GRGDS peptide. Rat fibroblast(More)
A structural and functional model of tenascin was elaborated using recombinant parts of three alternatively spliced tenascin variants and anti-tenascin monoclonal antibodies. The fusion proteins were compared with intact tenascin for their functions and by electron microscopy. A strong cell binding site was localized within 104 amino acids. This fragment(More)
The extracellular matrix protein tenascin (previously described as myotendinous antigen) is selectively present in the mesenchyme surrounding fetal rat mammary glands, hair follicles, and teeth, three organ anlagen where the mesenchyme is essential for development. No tenascin is detectable in the normal adult mammary gland. Carcinogen-induced mammary(More)
We report the identification and molecular characterization of tena*, a Drosophila gene located at 11A6-9 on the X-chromosome. The deduced protein of 782 amino acids contains eight tenascin-type EGF-like repeats not described in Drosophila before, but lacks the fibronectin type III repeats and the fibrinogen homology present in the vertebrate tenascin(More)
We report here the characterization of restrictin, a novel chick neural extracellular matrix glycoprotein associated with the cell recognition molecule F11. Immunoaffinity chromatography using monoclonal antibody 23-13 directed to restrictin yield a major relative molecular mass band at 170 x 10(3) and minor bands at 160, 180, 250 and 320 x 10(3) which are(More)
We report the molecular and functional characterization of a new alpha chain of laminin in Drosophila. The new laminin chain appears to be the Drosophila counterpart of both vertebrate alpha2 (also called merosin) and alpha1 chains, with a slightly higher degree of homology to alpha2, suggesting that this chain is an ancestral version of both alpha1 and(More)
We present a perspective on the molecular evolution of the extracellular matrix (ECM) in metazoa that draws on research publications and data from sequenced genomes and expressed sequence tag libraries. ECM components do not function in isolation, and the biological ECM system or "adhesome" also depends on posttranslational processing enzymes, cell surface(More)
UNLABELLED In this review, we discuss the structure and function of the extracellular matrix protein family of tenascins with emphasis on their involvement in human pathologies. The article is divided into the following sections: INTRODUCTION the tenascin family of extracellular matrix proteins; Structural roles: tenascin-X deficiency and Ehlers-Danlos(More)