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OBJECTIVES Despite the growing number of pharmacoeconomic (PE)/health economic (HE) studies, very little is known about their use by decision makers. The objectives of the Task Force were to ensure that the good research practices of PE/HE studies pay attention to the needs of health-care decision makers and to develop a "toolbox" for the health-care(More)
OBJECTIVES A growing number of prospective clinical trials include economic end points. Recognizing the variation in methodology and reporting of these studies, the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR) chartered the Task Force on Good Research Practices: Randomized Clinical Trials-Cost-Effectiveness Analysis. Its goal(More)
Study objective: Good communication is important in patient care and plays an essential part of teamwork and patient safety. Communication in the emergency department (ED) can be chaotic, with the potential for error resulting from communication overload and problems of communication. The nurse in charge of the ED plays a crucial role in maintaining(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine force steadiness in three positions of the forearm in young men and women across a variety of force levels. Eight young men and eight young women performed three maximum voluntary contractions (MVCs) in the neutral, supinated, and pronated forearm positions. Viewing a target line on a computer screen, subjects(More)
BACKGROUND It is unclear whether the common physical activity (PA) intensity descriptors used in PA guidelines worldwide align with the associated percent heart rate maximum method used for prescribing relative PA intensities consistently between sexes, ethnicities, age categories and across body mass index (BMI) classifications. OBJECTIVES The objectives(More)
OBJECTIVES This study identifies best practice for shift handover and introduces a new tool used to hand over clinical and operational issues at the end of a shift in the emergency department (ED). METHODS Literature review, semi-structured interviews and observations of handover were used to develop a standardised process for handover. Participants were(More)
INTRODUCTION Early use of social interaction technologies by young people seemed to elicit one primary concern from adults. That concern was safety, because children and teens often reveal too much private information online in blogs, chat rooms, and such social networking sites as MySpace. However, a related issue is gaining momentum. It is the power of(More)
INTRODUCTION Marketing is historically considered an activity that business performs to direct the flow of goods and services from producers to consumers. An integral part of marketing is sending consumers messages that promote goods and services. However, the growth of the Internet and the development of social software have turned the tables in this(More)
Obesity is associated with multiple negative health consequences and current weight management guidelines recommend all obese persons to lose weight. However, recent evidence suggests that not all obese persons are negatively affected by their weight and that weight loss does not necessarily always improve health. The purpose of this review is not to(More)