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OBJECTIVES Despite the growing number of pharmacoeconomic (PE)/health economic (HE) studies, very little is known about their use by decision makers. The objectives of the Task Force were to ensure that the good research practices of PE/HE studies pay attention to the needs of health-care decision makers and to develop a "toolbox" for the health-care(More)
OBJECTIVES A growing number of prospective clinical trials include economic end points. Recognizing the variation in methodology and reporting of these studies, the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR) chartered the Task Force on Good Research Practices: Randomized Clinical Trials-Cost-Effectiveness Analysis. Its goal(More)
BACKGROUND Although the link between cannabis use and development of psychosis is well established, less is known about the effect of continued versus discontinued cannabis use after the onset of psychosis. We aimed to summarise available evidence focusing on the relationship between continued and discontinued cannabis use after onset of psychosis and its(More)
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. ABSTRACT Aim Competition for food among populations of closely related species and conspecifics that occur in both sympatry and parapatry can be reduced by(More)
OBJECTIVES This study identifies best practice for shift handover and introduces a new tool used to hand over clinical and operational issues at the end of a shift in the emergency department (ED). METHODS Literature review, semi-structured interviews and observations of handover were used to develop a standardised process for handover. Participants were(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Understanding the nontechnical skills specifically applicable to the emergency department (ED) is essential to facilitate training and more broadly consider interventions to reduce error. The aim of this scoping review is to first identify and then explore in depth the nontechnical skills linked to safety in the ED. METHODS The review was(More)
Few naturalistic, longitudinal studies of panic disorder with and without agoraphobia (PD/PDA) exist, limiting our knowledge of the temporal rates of incidence, relapse, and chronicity, or the factors that predict category transition. Data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) wave 1 (n=43,093) and wave 2(More)
A fully automated weighbridge using a new algorithm and mechanics integrated with a Radio Frequency Identification System is described. It is currently in use collecting data on Macaroni penguins (Eudyptes chrysolophus) at Bird Island, South Georgia. The technology allows researchers to collect very large, highly accurate datasets of both penguin weight and(More)
Mobile Network Operators (MNOs) are currently facing challenging times. With flat revenues and intense competition from `Over The Top' (OTT) providers, they are searching for new opportunities that will enable revenue growth. The impending migration towards LTE presents a number of challenges as well as opportunities, especially in the area of Policy(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the proportion of hospital deaths associated with preventable problems in care and how they can be reduced. DESIGN A two phase before and after evaluation of a hospital mortality reduction programme. SETTING A district general hospital in Warwickshire, England. PARTICIPANTS In Phase 1, 400 patients who died in 2009 at South(More)