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Wild-type p53 has a major role in the response and execution of apoptosis after chemotherapy in many cancers. Although high levels of wild-type p53 and hardly any TP53 mutations are found in testicular cancer (TC), chemotherapy resistance is still observed in a significant subgroup of TC patients. In the present study, we demonstrate that p53 resides in a(More)
A methodology for the rapid and quantitative analysis of phosphorylation sites in proteins is presented. The coupling of capillary high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) to electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) allowed one to distinguish phosphorylation sites based on retention time and mass difference from complex peptide mixtures. The(More)
The injection of low doses of bacteria into the aquatic larvae of dragonflies (Aeschna cyanea, Odonata, Paleoptera) induces the appearance in their hemolymph of a potent antibacterial activity. We have isolated a 38-residue peptide from this hemolymph which is strongly active against Gram-positive bacteria and also shows activity against one of the(More)
LC-MS is a powerful method for the sensitive detection of proteins and peptides in biological fluids. However, the presence of highly abundant proteins often masks those of lower abundance and thus generally prevents their detection and identification in proteomic studies. In human serum the most abundant proteins are albumin and gamma-globulins. We tested(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLR) and IL-12 represent key elements of innate immunity. Using C57BL/10 ScCr mice it was shown that TLR4 is important for control of infection with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). Since these mice have an additional defect in the IL-12R, we reinvestigated immunity to RSV in several C57BL/10 and BALB/c mouse strains lacking a(More)
Discovery of biomarkers is a fast developing field in proteomics research. Liquid chromatography coupled on line to mass spectrometry (LC-MS) has become a powerful method for the sensitive detection, quantification and identification of proteins and peptides in biological fluids like serum. However, the presence of highly abundant proteins often masks those(More)
A DNA construct containing the human alpha 1-antitrypsin gene including 1.5 and 4 kb of 5' and 3' flanking sequences, was microinjected into the pronucleus of rabbit embryos. The recombinant human protein was (a) expressed in the blood circulation of F0 and F1 transgenic rabbits at an average concentration of 1 mg ml-1, (b) shown to be fully active and (c)(More)
Site-directed variants of alpha 1-antitrypsin (alpha 1AT) expressed in a recombinant strain of Escherichia coli have been isolated with an overall process yield of 50% following tangential flow ultrafiltration, anion-exchange, immobilized metal affinity, and hydrophobic interaction chromatography. The primary structure of the purified variants including the(More)
The gene coding for cholera toxin subunit B (CT-B) was fused to a modified ompA signal sequence and subsequently cloned into a high expression vector based on the regulatory signals of the arabinose operon of Salmonella typhimurium. Upon induction of gene expression in Escherichia coli, a product of the expected size for CT-B monomer was detected at a level(More)
We have investigated whether DNA regions present in the rabbit whey acidic protein (WAP) promoter/5' flanking sequence could potentially confer, in vivo, high level expression of reporter genes. Transgenic mice were generated expressing a variant of human alpha 1-antitrypsin, which has inhibitory activity against plasma kallikrein under the control of a(More)